Sucrose, lactose, and maltose are common disaccharides
in the market.
Chondroitin sulfate (CS) is a glycosaminoglycan (GAG) composed of repeating disaccharides
of glucuronic acid and N-acetyl-galactosamine, which are variously substituted by sulfate groups.
By considering all stereochemical alternatives, eleven isomers can be produced when a disaccharide
is formed, 120 for a trisaccharide, and 1424 for a tetrasaccharide (Fig.
6 * Corrected for dilution ** Note: sucrose is a disaccharide
of glucose and fructose so the total monosaccharide sugar is much higher than shown here.
Hymenoptera: Formicidae) workers preferred trisaccharides over disaccharides
and monosaccharides when these sugars were offered in choice tests, and melezitose was the most effective in attracting ants (Volkl et al.
The extract is treated for 2 h with chondroitinase B followed by addition of disaccharide
internal standard, boiling, and centrifugation.
Starch is digested through a two step procedure, with alpha amylase breaking it down to disaccharides
, before sucrose, isomaltase, maltase, glyco-amylase and lactase break them into digestable mono-saccharides.
A recent metaanalysis of randomized controlled trials comparing the effectiveness of non-absorbable antibiotics and non-absorbable disaccharides
has shown antibiotics were either more effective than or equal to lactulose in reducing blood levels of ammonia in patients with hepatic encephalopathy (Phongsamran et al.
To overcome this problem, semi-synthetic derivatives were produced by linking the terminal di or trisaccharide part of PGL-I to a protein carrier such as bovineserum albumin (BSA) or human serumalbumin (HSA), resulting in natural disaccharide
linked to BSA/ HSA via an octyl linker (ND-O-BSA/HSA) and natural trisaccharide linked to BSA/ HSA via a phenyl linker (NT-P-BSA/HSA).
Maltose was the most abundant disaccharide
in honey constituting from 5.
Chemically, galenIQ is pharmaceutical-grade isomalt, a disaccharide
The biopolymer is a glycosaminoglycan and is comprised of repeating disaccharide
units that contain a glucuronic acid and N-acetyglucosamine units.
The fundamental unit is a disaccharide
, but this unit is repeated end to end on the order of 10,000 times, making a "string" of an astounding 10 m (30 feet) in length if it were completely uncoiled.
Because vaccine adjuvants using Lipid A have proven to be safe and effective in inducing Th-1 type immune responses to heterologous proteins in animal and human vaccines, Avanti developed Phosphorylated HexaAcyl Disaccharide
(PHAD[TM]) the first fully synthetic monophosphoryl Lipid A available for use as an adjuvant in human vaccines.
Some visible skin changes can be induced by the consequence of dermal glycosaminoglycans, because the total amount, as well as the composition of the main disaccharide
units, is significantly altered in the exposed sites of both aged people and photoaged mice.