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  • noun

Words related to disaccharidase

an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of disaccharides into monosaccharides

References in periodicals archive ?
The findings for Trigonella foenum-graeceum, however, indicate that the furostanol saponins isolated from Balanites aegyptiaca may have more than one potential mechanism of action contributing to the anti-diabetic activity, and that further studies on the disaccharidase and glycogen enzymatic activity modulation would be useful.
The pathophysiology involved is the loss of disaccharidases in these areas and the resulting carbohydrate malabsorption which provides excess substrate for microbial growth.
Laboratory tests: The definitive test for diagnosis of CSID is the measurement of intestinal disaccharidases following small bowel biopsy.
1) In addition, a significant reduction in total disaccharidase activity was found in the jejunum of patients with Crohn's disease who had no radiologic evidence of small-bowel involvement.
For determination of the disaccharidase activity 50 [micro]l of homogenate were pre-incubated at 37 [degrees]C for 5 min, in the absence (control) or in the presence of the Et0Ac or n-BuOH fractions of paraguariensis (treated).
Intestinal disaccharidase deficiency without villous atrophy may represent early celiac disease.
charantia was also found to lower blood sugar and small intestine disaccharidase activity in rats (Oishi et al.
Second, some probiotics contain disaccharidase enzymes and might therefore improve the digestion of lactose and fructose (malabsorption of these sugars is a common cause of abdominal pain).
Distribution of disaccharidase activity in the small bowel of normal and lactase-deficient subjects.
3) proposed the use of sucrose, which is degraded in the small intestine by a specific disaccharidase, for the detection of mild upper gastrointestinal damages.
2007a) and found that maltase-glucoamylase is the predominate disaccharidase at low substrate concentrations.
Dietary supplementation with CMG up-regulated disaccharidase activities and expression of SGLT1 and GLUT2 genes in the duodenum and jejunum but without changing them in the ileum, which indicates that the major action target of CMG is in the duodenum and jejunum.
The jejunal and ileal mucosa disaccharidase activities were determined as described by Petersen et al.