McCarthy (1940) developed this diffusionist
view most boldly when he detailed the movement of over 100 advanced material traits/items from New Guinea into Torres Strait and Australia.
Although the autochthonous and diffusionist
models described above are commonly employed by zooarchaeologists, differentiating between the processes of diffusion and local domestication is likely to be difficult, particularly if the dispersal of managed animals occurred during the earliest stages of the domestication process when phenotypic divergence is weakly expressed of completely lacking.
Each paper also evaluated evidence for different diffusionist
scenarios, while acknowledging the difficulty of choosing among them without more concrete evidence.
Coupled with this traditional theoretical approach is a paradoxical attraction both to an account of prehistoric societies as conservative and insular, and to the diffusionist
version of prehistory which tends to dog most `marginal' areas.
It has long been appreciated that the Aksum area attained a high level of socio-political complexity during the earlier part of the 1st millennium AD but, although there have been some notable exceptions, its archaeological investigation has often been fragmented, of questionable technical standard, limited to monumental stone structures, overly receptive of diffusionist
explanations, and inadequately published.
5) The Ona culture is central to his diffusionist
construct because of its geographical location at the confluence of these cultural areas.
This process tended to create homogenous, broad brush prehistories that underemphasized regional variation and promoted a diffusionist
On the whole, these folktales provide facts about Bukusu people's existence-the language, customs, beliefs, hopes and fears and they reflect four traditions: diffusionist
, psychoanalytic, functionalist and evolutionary.
Peacock also indicates that diffusionist
models so often cited in the development of milling technology are generally overstated and that, more specifically, it is likely that rotary querns have multiple points of origin among different cultural groups.
Layard's ethnography (Layard 1942), published decades after his field sojourn of 1914, (7) is rather focused on one island, Vao, but complemented by comparisons with other islands and suffused with both diffusionist
and psychoanalytic theories (Geismar and Herle 2010).
They offer three possible models to explain this diversity: a rationalist model based on variables like size and sophistication, a culturalist approach which might be useful in looking at pole provinces like Alberta and Quebec, and a diffusionist
model, for which there is some evidence.
thinking went something like this: such aspects of civilisation like Ancient Egypt were rare and unique events which then spread out as other groups borrowed and copied them.
2011), belongs to a more old-fashioned diffusionist
The "processes Mechanical," a further punning allusion to the diffusionist
ideas of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge and other propagandists for cultural change through the education of the working man, offered an ambiguous evaluation of the changes likely to be wrought by the march of intellect.
Casanova 11) What hap pens to our diffusionist
and evolutionary schemes of cultural influence (and imposition) when we recognize the work of informal sectors in the formation and circulation (in, that is, the worlding) of the modern novel as the predominant form of literary expression in the world today?