In contrast with the diffusionist
principles is the geneticists.
Richards framed his diffusionist
argument around biblical chronology.
Jones concurred with Bryant in his account of the Christian diffusionist
tradition according to which all the peoples of the world descended from the survivors of the Flood and the Cushite children of Ham--"the most ingenious and enterprising of the three, but the most arrogant, cruel and idolatrous"--spread into India, China, America, Egypt, the Mediterranean and Scandinavia, preserving the common linguistic and mythological heritage (qtd in McCalman 1999: 339-41).
It would be a diffusionist
error, and sloppy scholarship, to simply argue that this genre was imported by Malays to Gowa, however.
According to the diffusionist
perspective, traditional culture is a barrier to behaviour change, with a great deal of research effort directed at identifying cultural barriers to contraceptive use (22-24).
We have been content, Roth suggests, to think about cultural influence using a diffusionist
model of cultural development in which those not producing cultural texts (like TV programmes) are doomed to be altered by them.
theories haven't been well received and are now regarded as old fashioned.
Variationist work in the tradition of Labov (1972, 1981) and lexical diffusionist
work following Chen (1972) and others have made clear that many influences are at work: what comes to look like a regular change after it has finished may be unevenly distributed while the change is in progress.
These archaeologically recognized relationships are not diffusionist
"just so" stories, nor are they theories based on models of economic production and exchange, nor iconographically based projections of religious and ideological interaction; instead, they are the result of sustained and intense human social interaction carried out at every level from the personal to the political.
The second is the adoption of a diffusionist
rhetoric, however inadvertently, in which only the West can claim authenticity, while the Rest can only resort to parody.
But for all its promise, in other years neither Crosby nor subsequent environmental historians moved beyond the diffusionist
and ecologically-reductionist conception of imperialism.
Her theories are reminiscent of the diffusionist
theories that argue that Native Americans were descended from the lost tribes of Israel, the Welsh, the Phoenicians, the Egyptians, and/or the Chinese.
But the diffusionist
links that folklorists have established between texts exist primarily in theory, and, as substantial as our databases are, we rarely have access to a detailed record that would help us put more solid flesh on the bones of tradition.
At a superficial level, some credence for diffusionist
interpretations (given considerable use of contraception to regulate births) and new household economics arguments suggesting economic choices on the appropriate number of children to bear seem evident.
14) provides seven primary convictions deeply entrenched in the prevailing thoughts of Western academics about diffusionist