In an eight-chapter book that begins with a brief history and taxonomy of individual differences, a term that stems from the field of differential psychology
, the five central IDs of personality, language aptitude, motivation, learning and cognitive styles, and language learning strategies are each enlarged on in individual chapters.
The team, led by Ian Deary, professor of differential psychology
at Edinburgh, has published its findings in this month's edition of the American journal Intelligence.
The ingenuity or brilliance of this use of metaphors is that it allows Inkson to bring together in an imaginative manner, a broad range of approaches and viewpoints from sociology, life-span psychology, differential psychology
, social psychology, education, career development, counselling, organisational behaviour and human resources management, as well as key theories and the work of researchers who have had considerable influence on the study and practice of careers.
, developmental psychology, and social interactionism).
Both integrate current knowledge about cognitive and differential psychology
in ways that are novel and creative, yet neither has been tested to any extent.
Allport's diatribes against habit as a dynamic factor in personality, his constant minimization of the importance of statistics, factor analysis, and measurement scales, and his rejection of or at least belittling of the achievements of differential psychology
seem uncalled for and, what is more important, are likely to block progress in the vigorous developments now actually under way.
is thus enjoying a period of unprecedented internal unity, a keen sense of its success against 'situationism' and the promise of a firm stand against modern champions of 'constructivism' and allied neo-existentialist unrealism.
The increasing use of structural equation modeling (SEM) in general differential psychology
(including behavior genetics) has helped to bring this point home to researchers.