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Reversible diencephalic dysfunction: Episodic hyperhydrosis clue to trapped third ventricle.
Episodic diencephalic hypoperfusion in Kleine- Levin syndrome.
The newly proposed criteria have been expanded to include six different core characteristics: optic neuritis; acute myelitis; area postrema syndrome (nausea, vomiting, and hiccups); other brain stem syndromes; symptomatic narcolepsy or acute diencephalic syndrome with MRI findings; and symptomatic cerebral syndrome with MRI findings.
Thus the diencephalic endorphin and mesencephalic enkephalin neurons stimulate the serotonin neurons at the bulbus (28-30) The serotoninergic neurons at the dorsal horn of the spinal cord stimulate the intermediate neurons at the dorsal horn.
Brain pathology in pedophilic offenders: Evidence of volume reduction in the right amygdala and related diencephalic structures.
Diencephalic content of 5-HT and 5-HIAA was measured in animals sacrificed 24 h after withdrawal.
By 1924, Edouard Claperede (1873-1940) reported for the first time that yawning has a diencephalic origin, which initiated today's neuromuscular theory and challenged the older ventilatory concept.
22) Note that in one patient after subthalamic nucleus (STN) DBS, pulse-modulated radiofrequency diathermy applied to the maxilla produced permanent diencephalic and brainstem lesions leading to a vegetative state.