Michaels & Miethe, 1989; Robinson, Amburgey, Swank, & Faulkner, 2004) found that some of the same mechanisms that promote general deviance
also promote academic dishonesty.
is defined as a voluntary behavior that significantly violates norms to the point that it threatens the organization and its members (Bennett & Robinson, 2000).
According to the "Dictionary of Sociology" (Zamfir and Vlasceanu, 1993), the deviance
is "any act, conduct or expression that violate written or unwritten rules of society or a particular group.
The presence of deviance
acts in the workplace continues to pose as a serious threat to employee and organizational success and has destructive effects for obvious reasons (Appelbaum, Deguire, and Lay, 2005; Mawritz, Mayer, Hoobler, Wayne, and Marinova, 2012).
Prior sales deviance
work focused largely on organizational factors but according to a workplace deviance
meta-analysis by Berry et al.
Hypothesis 3: Satisfaction with performance appraisals has a negative effect on organizational deviance
is a form of behavior that violates organization norms and negatively impacts the well-being of organizations and their members.
The theoretical framework used in this study is an integration of Lemert's (1967) deviance
typology and symbolic interaction theory as discussed in Bernard (2009).
The Positive Deviance
(PD) approach assumes that every community has individuals or groups whose uncommon behaviors and strategies enable them to find better solutions to problems than their peers although everyone has access to the same resources and challenges (Pascale, Sternin, & Sternin, 2010).
The first clause is required to rule out cases of causal deviance
Judge Douglas Field said: "You gratified your entrenched deviance
The researchers used positive deviance
to design their Web-based program.
A premise of positive deviance
is that in most communities or organizations, uncommon (deviant) practices of persons or groups within the organization can yield better (positive) results (e.
is voluntary behavior that violates significant organizational norms and, in so doing, threatens the well-being of the organization and/or its members (Robinson & Bennett, 1997).
Only that cutting corners, also called "Normalization of Deviance
," could be as bad for the industry as it was for the space shuttle.