These findings are clearly consistent with the contention that the implementation of a comprehensive developmental guidance
program results in educational benefits including increased student achievement; more equitable services to students; broader impact on students' development and career decision making; student satisfaction with the relevance of their education; and the development of a safe, orderly, engaging school climate.
Because parental expectations and role models influence career aspirations and educational decisions, examining family dynamics, roles, and values with students in elementary, middle, and high school settings can be beneficial in helping students master the competencies in the comprehensive developmental guidance
programs in order to reach their goals.
consistent with practices advocated by both comprehensive developmental guidance
and the ASCA National Model [ASCA, 2012]) was associated with lower suspension rates, lower discipline incident rates, higher attendance rates, higher math proficiency, and higher reading proficiency.
The Wisconsin Developmental Guidance
Model: A resource and planning guide for school-community teams.
In addition to consistent long-term financial support, Crescendo Ventures offers developmental guidance
by providing entrepreneurs with the tools necessary to build successful businesses.
Rather, these activities must be incorporated as part of an overall comprehensive developmental guidance
program to provide maximum benefit for students.
Perhaps some of the expanded career development programs of the 1970s and 1980s need to be updated and implemented by teachers, counselors, and parents in developmental guidance
Like the Comprehensive Developmental Guidance
Program (Gysbers & Henderson, 2000) movement begun in the 1970s, it repositions the school counselor away from an ancillary role in helping a few students to an integral role in education.
The strategies that were articulated by the school counselors include (a) recognition, (b) relationship building, (c) developmental guidance
, (d) visibility, (e) evaluation and needs assessment, (f) program/activity facilitation, and (g) problem-solving techniques.
For example, Bringman and Lee's article in this issue describes a study that examines whether school counselors' perceptions of their effectiveness in delivering developmental guidance
lessons vary depending on whether they have had previous experience as a classroom teacher.
In their review of school counseling outcome research, Whiston and Sexton (1998) catalogued studies using the four components of a comprehensive developmental guidance
The ASCA National Model[R] builds on the solid foundations of the Comprehensive Developmental Guidance
Model (Gysbers & Henderson, 2000), the Results-Based Model (Johnson & Johnson, 1997, 2001), and the National Standards (Campbell & Dahir, 1997; Dahir, Sheldon, & Valiga, 1998).