Aware of their danger, the rulers resolved to avert it by an imposing display of strength, and perhaps to confirm their despotism
by yet harsher measures.
Thus, republics are animated by virtue (a form of self-renunciation made possible by passionate love of one's homeland), monarchies by honor (a highly artificial permutation of the passion of self-preference), and despotisms
by fear (the elemental passion of self-preservation).
The best way to honor his memory is to preserve a fierce independence against despotisms
of every variety regardless of whether they clothe themselves in the uniform of democracy or bludgeon people into submission with a field-marshal's baton.
Their themes are social movements and democratic aspirations, women's struggle for democracy, struggling for democracy in the shadow of civil war and fragmented despotisms
as exemplified by Columbia, and participatory democracy in action.
But this benefit has probably been offset by the increase in "anocracies"--regimes that aren't quite democracies or despotisms
and are more unstable than either.
The first was whether the absolute monarchies of Europe were monarchies or despotisms
in Montesquieu's use of the terms, and whether they should be models for the future.
Woods is a bad ally for libertarians, though his message may appeal to those who can't distinguish the flaws of America from those of outright despotisms