Living during a comparatively peaceful interlude, Appian, more than any other Roman historian, wrote with passion and dismay of the horrors of civil war and despotism
Rome's second king, Numa Pompilius--a Sabine statesman who refused an offer of the kingship until a large body of his fellow-citizens persuaded him to accept--set about civilizing the Romans and refining the crude despotism
of his predecessor.
Beyond the danger of intentional despotism
, there is the danger inherent in all bureaucracies.
The spirit of encroachment tends to consolidate the powers of all the departments in one, and thus to create, whatever the form of government, a real despotism
Most Americans would disagree that our society has much if anything in common with the dismal despotism
portrayed by Orwell.
A long war almost always places nations in this sad alternative--that their defeat delivers them to destruction and their triumph to despotism
," wrote Alexis de Tocqueville.
But when a long train of unconstitutional executive branch abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism
, it is their right, it is their duty, to take back delegated authority from an official who is manifestly unsuitable to exercise it.
That Other--usually a Dark Other--was in every way the inferior of the West: unenlightened, barbarous, cruel, craven, enslaved to its senses, given to despotism
, and, in general, contemptible.
Anyone with a mild education in civics or history would be fully aware that the Founding Fathers warned vociferously against a democracy - which always leads to socialism, monarchy and despotism
For example, John Fitch and Paul Kellogg learned how "industrial despotism
spread beyond the shop floor" from Margaret Byington's study, Homestead: Households of a Mill Town and used such insights to support their efforts in the fight for industrial democracy.
Oddly enough, having grown stronger in the fight against anti-democratic forces, the Recep Tayyip Erdoy-an-led political movement is currently implementing a form of despotism
the military tutelage never dared to undertake.
By assenting to that doctrine as part of the Appeals Court panel, John Roberts has endorsed executive despotism
as a "wartime" necessity--in a war that may last for a generation or more.
Instead of opposing the culture of democracy, as did Georg Lukacs, Antonio Gramsci, or Jean-Paul Sartre, the apocalyptics are content to deny it, assuring us that democracy does not really exist and that we are dealing with a fiction, behind which lurks the ominous shadow of despotism
Moving deliberately so as not to disturb fans accustomed to almost 50 years of the O'Malley family's enlightened despotism
, Fox appears to have opted for later, adopting a wait-and-see attitude for at least one season.
William Beik and Sharon Kettering present concise analyses of urban rule in France, in the process suggesting that French kings had less control of their cities than the shogun had of Edo, despite a legacy of scholarly handwringing about Bourbon despotism
and shogunal weakness.