References in periodicals archive ?
Of the three (sattva, rajas, and tamas), tamas or "darkness" is the quality of heaviness, opaqueness, envelopment, impenetrability, and obstruction--of inertia, lethargy, impotence, latency, and stagnation; of foolishness, dissoluteness, confusion, attachment, and ignorance--and is an attribute of being resulting from demeritorious karma in the past.