that contain horticultural vinegar can be used in place of agricultural chemicals--some of them confirmed carcinogens--that harm wildlife, pets, and people.
Over $100 million has been allocated to clean up the Da Nang airport, one of 28 "hot spots" for defoliant
contamination in Vietnam.
Agent Orange is the combination of the code names for Herbicide Orange and Agent LNX - one of the herbicides and defoliants
used as part of its chemical warfare program, Operation Ranch Hand.
For many decades, both American veterans and Vietnamese who lived near former American military bases suspected that their health ailments, such as birth defects in their offspring and cancer, stemmed from exposure to high levels of dioxins in war-era chemical defoliants
Epigenetic studies prove that invisible, devastating harm from exposure to chemical defoliants
can show up in the next generation.
like Agent Orange and Agent Purple were tested on the lands adjoining CFB Gagetown in New Brunswick in the late 1950s through to the mid-1980s.
He said: "Between 1962 and 1971, the US military sprayed South Vietnam with approximately 76 million litres of defoliants
- including Agent Orange - the Pentagon assuring South Vietnamese residents and its own troops it was harmless to humans.
were sprayed over vast swathes of jungle in South Vietnam in an attempt to flush out Viet Cong communist guerrillas by depriving them of tree cover and food.
During that time, the military used large amounts of mixtures known as defoliants
, which were chemicals that caused the leaves to fall off plants.
The British invention of concentration camps, employed for slave labour, would be repeated in the Holocaust; indiscriminate bombing and shelling of cities would reach a climax at Hiroshima and Nagasaki and poison gas attacks foreshadowed American use of defoliants
Starting as early as October, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) will begin compensating the first of thousands of Vietnam veterans for disability claims for ischemic heart disease, Parkinson's disease, and B-cell leukemia--illnesses newly associated with exposure to defoliants
, including Agent Orange, used in the Vietnam War.
Army films declare the defoliants
to be "harmless to man," a Vietnamese woman is quoted as stating: "The planes came in the morning, everything was covered in powder .
Composted manures and cover crops replace synthetic fertilizers; innovative weeding strategies are used instead of herbicides; beneficial insects and trap crops control insect pests; and alternatives to toxic defoliants
prepare plants for harvest," says the Sustainable Cotton Project (SCP), a nonprofit that helps cotton farmers in California's Central Valley discover the economic, environmental and health benefits of avoiding synthetic chemicals.
According to American Vanguard Corp, Def and Folex are fast and effective cotton defoliants
that facilitate the removal of leaves surrounding the cotton boll and in combination with other products function as a harvest aid.
And to offset some of that oil, planes are spraying dispersants (mostly Nalco's COREXIT--BP's oil dispersant of choice) onto the floating oil plumes in much the same manner as planes sprayed herbicides and defoliants
(Agent Orange) onto the jungles of Vietnam and Laos in the 1960s to deprive the Viet Cong guerillas of food and cover.