forces spread three types of defoliants
- Agent Orange, Agent Blue and Monuron, on 66 million square meters of land south of the DMZ.
Agent Orange is the combination of the code names for Herbicide Orange and Agent LNX - one of the herbicides and defoliants
used as part of its chemical warfare program, Operation Ranch Hand.
For many decades, both American veterans and Vietnamese who lived near former American military bases suspected that their health ailments, such as birth defects in their offspring and cancer, stemmed from exposure to high levels of dioxins in war-era chemical defoliants
The book presents the legacies of war - such as unexploded ordnance (UXO), the impact of chemical defoliants
, or the U.
Epigenetic studies prove that invisible, devastating harm from exposure to chemical defoliants
can show up in the next generation.
like Agent Orange and Agent Purple were tested on the lands adjoining CFB Gagetown in New Brunswick in the late 1950s through to the mid-1980s.
He said: "Between 1962 and 1971, the US military sprayed South Vietnam with approximately 76 million litres of defoliants
- including Agent Orange - the Pentagon assuring South Vietnamese residents and its own troops it was harmless to humans.
The base was a key site in the US defoliant
program during the Vietnam War, and much of the 80 million litres (21 million gallons) of Agent Orange used during "Operation Ranch Hand" was mixed, stored and loaded onto planes there.
One of these defoliants
was Agent Orange, and some troops were exposed to it.
The British invention of concentration camps, employed for slave labour, would be repeated in the Holocaust; indiscriminate bombing and shelling of cities would reach a climax at Hiroshima and Nagasaki and poison gas attacks foreshadowed American use of defoliants
Army films declare the defoliants
to be "harmless to man," a Vietnamese woman is quoted as stating: "The planes came in the morning, everything was covered in powder .
Composted manures and cover crops replace synthetic fertilizers; innovative weeding strategies are used instead of herbicides; beneficial insects and trap crops control insect pests; and alternatives to toxic defoliants
prepare plants for harvest," says the Sustainable Cotton Project (SCP), a nonprofit that helps cotton farmers in California's Central Valley discover the economic, environmental and health benefits of avoiding synthetic chemicals.
8 million tons of bombs including napalms and mustard gas, sprayed 75 million litres of defoliants
including Dioxin over fields, forests and villages causing 7 million casualties including 3 million dead.
In 1981, in concert with several "Agent Orange" groups and the DAV, we began a campaign to force the VA to recognize the fact that defoliants
were used in places other than Vietnam, most extensively, as the Department of the Army willingly admits, in the Korean DMZ area.
Dow Chemical was singled out because it manufactured napalm and defoliants
, including Agent Orange, used in Vietnam against civilian as well as military targets.