1998a "Meanings of the dative case
in Old English", in: William van Langendonck -- Willy van Belle (eds.
In the following example from Warlpiri, the modifying nominal ngapa 'water, waterhole' carries both the locative case marker, which indicates its semantic role, as well as the dative case
marker, which marks it as modifying the dative argument yankirri-ki 'emu-DAT'.
In the preceding example, the replacement of the dative case
marker by the comitative one changes the meaning from a one-sided romantic involvement to a mutual one.
There is, of course, a further difference between le lo and se lo: dative case
is directly signalled in le lo, rather than the result of inference, as in se lo.
With regard to the number of the governed NP, for instance, original genitive prepositions more frequently adopt the innovative dative case
government with singular than with plural NPs, while original dative prepositions more frequently adopt the innovative genitive case government with plural than with singular NPs.
This would be the dative case
in Latin, German, etc.
In pre-Proto-Indo-European, there must have been a postposition similar to *ej, which later fused with the stem and yielded the dative case
marker -ej (e.
Functionally, this case encodes movement towards a goal, but not general movement which is encoded by the dative case
This particular affliction of not-knowingness, and therefore of speechlessness, struck all the time: lying on the couch with a boy who, when he stretched his hands above his head revealed underneath the hem of his shirt a belly that struck me as a grown man's belly (to steel myself, I went over Russian noun declensions in my head); walking inhospitable urban sidewalks alone in early evening, bracing myself against the cold wind (ya tebya lyublyu, those are the words for "I love you," I remembered); at dinner with my rambunctious family where I sat silent, teenaged (in Russian, dative case
means passive voice means the subversion of self).
For Keydana (2013: 358) istaye is synchronically an infinitive when it governs an accusative (and in other contexts), though there also exists a homophonous dative case
form of an abstract noun isti-, which is never transitive.
The topics include the conjugation prefixes, the dative case
, and the empathy hierarchy in Sumerian; some case problems in Ugaritic; grammatical roles of agent, subject, patient, and beneficiary in Hurrian; early Canaanite and Old Aramaic case in the light of language typology; allative in Indo-European; the problem of the ergative case in Hittite; and case markings of core arguments and alignment in Late Latin.
German uses the alternation between dative case
(position) and accusative case (destination) on the noun phrase complement (here only visible on the determiner).
At the same time, we find examples with prepositions like for or to assuming the roles played by the (benefactive) dative case
ending in Old and Early Middle English.
As such, "liv[ing] upon the dative" suggests the travels shape Taylor, much as the dative case
acts upon and thus defines its subject.
4: Demonstrating dative case
(sampradAn kAraka-for and chaturthi vibhakti)