cytosine


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Related to cytosine: cytidine
  • noun

Synonyms for cytosine

a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine

References in periodicals archive ?
The details of the reaction are somewhat beyond the scope of this article; essentially, normal cytosine has a C=C double bond which is sensitive to addition of a sulfate group from the bisulphite ion; this sulfate group weakens the exocyclic amine group and leads to its hydrolytic loss, thereby replacing the -NH2 with =0, which defines the difference between cytosine and uracil bases.
5-mC can be further modified to 5-hydroxymethyl Cytosine (5-hmC) by the TET family of methyl-cytosine dioxygenases.
parasiticus) were screened for cytosine deaminase activity.
A new pattern of cytosine arabinoside induced lung toxicity.
When bound to cytosine, the methyl group sticks out.
1997) suggested that the cytosine methylation of integrated retroviral genomes is a result of the host's suppression of expression of the provirus.
5% + %, thymine 99 + %, and cytosine 99 + % were purchased from Acros Organics.
Comparisons of the sequences of the four bases--adenine, cytosine, guanine and thymine--are used to identify genetic differences among living creatures from bacteria to humans.
The parts common to causal genes are where repeats of three types of chlorine -- cytosine (C), adenine (A) and guanine (G) -- expand abnormally to form CAG chains.
The inquest heard that Wayne, of Keyworth, Notts, needed Cytosine in his spine and Vincristine in a vein.
The two suicide genes were the gene for thymidine kinase which is derived from the cold sore virus, Herpes Simplex, and the gene for cytosine deaminase, derived from the Escherichia coli bacterium.
The sodium bisulfite sequencing method, which distinguishes between methylated and unmethylated cytosine residues, will be used to assess 5-methylcytosine levels in WI-38 fetal lung fibroblasts, a well-characterized system for studying aging and telomerase.
Nucleic acids such as genomic DNA are composed of long strings of the bases Adenine, Cytosine, Guanine and Thymine (A, C, G and T) held together by a backbone in a double strand formation in which Adenine is always paired with Thymine and Cytosine with Guanine.
red for adenine, blue for cytosine, green for guanine, and black for thymine.