cytokine


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Related to cytokine: Cytokine storm
  • noun

Words related to cytokine

any of various protein molecules secreted by cells of the immune system that serve to regulate the immune system

References in periodicals archive ?
Yet several trials have shown that patients who do not respond to traditional antidepressants frequently begin to improve when they take anti-inflammatory medications, from everyday ibuprofen to cytokine inhibitors, on top of their other prescriptions.
In the acute phase of mental illness, elevations have been found in both interleukin-6 (IL-6) and the cytokine receptor soluble IL-2 (SIL-2R); for MDD and schizophrenia, cytokine levels are acutely increased, tend to decrease with treatment, and eventually rise again, he said.
Researchers have linked positive emotions -- especially the awe we feel when touched by the beauty of nature, art and spirituality -- with lower levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, which are proteins that signal the immune system to work harder.
In addition, inflammatory cytokines began to accumulate in the lungs, leading to a cytokine storm that causes significant damage to the tissue.
Also, from a commercial viewpoint, these cytokine products are likely to churn significant revenues and for the patient population, and eventually are expected to improve the survival rates and improve quality of life.
If too many cytokines are released, SOCS proteins suppress the activity of the cytokines to prevent unwanted inflammation and tissue damage.
Data was collected and analyzed using the Student's t-test to compare each cytokine under both the ICRS and KL systems of classification.
Research studies and review articles published in the journal Viral Immunology reveal that a cytokine storm occurs when the body's immune system over-reacts to an intruder, such as a virus, by producing high levels of cytokines.
There is a cytokine network in the central nervous system, and glia and microglia are the richest source of cytokines in the brain.
Cytokine dysregulation could be the major cause of tissue damage in humans, especially in organs in which productive infection does not take place and cell damage cannot be accounted for by cytolytic viral infection.
The researchers tested whether cytokine production by immune cells collected from cord blood was impaired in newborns that had been exposed to PCBs and other organochlorines in utero.
These new assays were based on measuring antigen-specific cytokine production in both CD4 and CD8 T cells from HIV-infected people.
Inducible nitric oxide synthase is increased in routine lung epithelial cells by cytokine stimulmion.
After a week of sleeping 6 hours per night, the test volunteers had higher blood concentrations of the cytokine IL-6, than they did in their pre-deprivation state.