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Related to cysteine: methionine, cytosine
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  • noun

Words related to cysteine

an amino acid containing sulfur that is found in most proteins

References in periodicals archive ?
Chen CNJ, Brown-Borg HM, Rakoczy SG, Ferrington DA, Thompson LV Aging impairs the expression of the catalytic subunit of glutamate cysteine ligase in soleus muscle under stress.
The overall conformation of this Trp-rich loop changes if the modification of cysteine occurs.
CatL is a cysteine protease abundant in fibroblasts, which is involved in skin structure and functions, including hair follicle morphogenesis, epidermal differentiation, wound healing, and antigen presentation.
Importantly, it is known that the melanogenetic pathway is shifted from eumelanin toward pheomelanin formation when GSH or cysteine is added to melanocytes or melanoma cell lines.
First, we treated SH-SY5Y cells with N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a derivative of cysteine that is readily taken up by cells and then rapidly deacetylated, making cysteine available for GSH synthesis [22, 23].
The profiles of essential amino acids, including cysteine and tyrosine, of colliroja and Nile tilapia obtained on the basis of the ideal protein concept are shown in Table 2 and Figure 1.
To this end, we found that cells expressing 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (3MST) and cysteine aminotransferase (CAT) contain increased levels of bound sulfane sulfur.
But supplementing low-calorie, no-protein diets with the sulfur-containing amino acids methionine and cysteine erases much of that benefit (right bar).
Cysteine is a sulfur containing amino acids that is unique because of its chemically very reactive sulfhydryl group [4].
When the thioester gel is treated with cysteine methyl ester, the thioester bridges are split rapidly and the gel dissolves.
Sulfur is one of the most essential macronutrients required by the plants as it is an important constituent of amino acids such as cysteine and methionine and also in many metabolites [1].
Targeting of non-catalytic cysteine residues with covalent inhibitors is a powerful strategy for optimizing pharmacologic potency and selectivity on challenging targets such as protein kinases.
The researchers added isoniazid and a 'reducing agent' known as cysteine to the TB in a test tube, expecting the bacteria to develop drug resistance.