positive percentages represent customaries greater than prevailings and negative percentages, the reverse.
For NON-PAR physicians, the mean shows customaries 4 percent greater than prevailings, but only 1 percent less for their services.
Kerr discusses the problems with customaries
that describe the daily life and liturgy at the abbey of Cluny over nearly 100 years beginning at the end of the 10th century comprise both the sources and the object of these 14 studies by European and North American historians.
18) Only the comparative study of a wide range of monastic customaries
makes it possible to form an impression of which features are distinctive to a particular source and which are common property.
By providing a Latin edition and English translation of AElfric's letter, along with an extensive critical apparatus, Jones has made accessible one of the earliest complete English monastic customaries
39) Indeed, the first papal confirmation of a Cistercian Charter of Charity was only by Alexander III, dating to 1163 or 1165, and may parallel demands by this pope that all reform religious groups present him with such written customaries