She opened her account with Aiyub's death and Shajara's role at Mansura in preserving the Muslim victory over Louis IX's crusading army, followed by her three-month rule as regent for Turanshah, her rule as the widow of Aiyub, in "[recognition] of the courage and capability she had shown" and as Umm Khalil.
Jonathan Riley-Smith, "The Crusading Movement and Historians" in The Oxford Illustrated History of the Crusades, ed.
The price tag for true crusading
journalism is too high a price for most media to pay.
At the same time the work is deeply grounded in the source material and current secondary literature about crusading
Other areas of crusading, as generally recognized today, are less well-represented: crusading in Spain, in the Baltic, and in southern France each rate one chapter, with some discussion of extra-Mediterranean crusading occurring in the last two chapters as well.
Tyerman correctly notes that crusading was difficult, dangerous, and prohibitively expensive and that "to become a crucesignatus was to invite the torments of the cross" (399).
In Asbridge's account, this feat was possible, first, because of divisions within the realm of Islam, and second, because Muslims in the various provinces misinterpreted the presence of the crusading army.
Yet, as Asbridge shows, the interactions of crusading forces and Muslim populations fail to satisfy the image of consistent enmity.
These two volumes bring together the latest works of leading scholars and give us an up-to-date understanding of many, if not all, the aspects that make up the Crusading
Hoping to avoid both overgeneralization and pointless specificity, Lower believes that a careful reconstruction of regional variation in response to papal policies will provide a clearer understanding of crusading
motivation and papal leadership, as well as the impact crusading
fervor had on religious minorities in the various regions.
This is not a new theme, but France's insistence on the degree to which it dictated the strategy of the crusading
leadership is enlightening.
Hillenbrand contends that Zengi was the first ruler to achieve stability and wide support against the Franks during the crusading
period, and although he was unable to unite Syria in his lifetime, his work led to that union and the Muslim triumph of 1187.
of Southern Denmark, where he now teaches), Jensen presents a thorough account of the participation of Denmark in crusading
activities from 1400-1650.
The chronicle of Ibn al-Athir for the crusading
period from al-Kamil fi'l-ta'rikh; pt.
Students and scholars of the Crusades will welcome this full and thoughtful study on the experience of crusading
as expressed in Joinville's Vie de Saint Louis of 1248, a first-hand account of the French king's attempts at crusading
in the Holy Land.