These plant species included the 5 most common plant species fed upon by Mule Deer on the East Front (Hemmer 2005): Creeping Juniper, Chokecherry, Common Snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus), Silverberry (Elaeagnus commutata), and Common Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea).
Forage variables included Creeping Juniper, Whitemargin Phlox (Phlox albomarginata), Curly Sedge (Carex rupestris), and Prairie Sagewort (Artemesia frigida) ([x.
During or following periods of snow accumulation (that is, any positive accumulation within 3 d of a Mule Deer observation), only a subset of the above-mentioned variables (wind speed, percent cover Creeping Juniper and Buffaloberry), in addition to the covariates canopy cover and percent cover of Rough Fescue (Festuca campestris), had predictive power ([x.
The importance of Creeping Juniper on the East Front was reflected by its presence in nearly every model, regardless of weather conditions.
For instance, Hemmer (2005) reported that Creeping Juniper was among the top 5 commonly-used browse species by Mule Deer on the TRMR.
If there is soil available, plant low-maintenance ground cover plants, such as creeping juniper
or cranesbill geranium to help deter weeds and provide some colour.
Sea buckthorn, firehorn, hedging rose, giant rhubarb, creeping juniper
, pencil Christmas tree and blue spruce will all make a thief think twice.