has proven itself quite capable of producing scientific theories and data to justify racist practices, policies, and ideologies throughout its history (including the use of craniometry
to lend legitimacy to practices of slavery in the U.
Investing human evolution using digital imaging & craniometry
Thus understood, gunplay is craniometry
by other means: both ensure Indian suffering.
Feeding ecology of Tawny Owl (Strix aluco) and Long-eared Owl (Asio otus), based on craniometry
Most of these bio-determinists employed craniometry
to prove woman's biological and intellectual inferiority.
The "scientific racists" employed several ludicrous techniques and theories, including craniometry
(measurement of the bones of the skull) and phrenology (study of the "bumps" on heads to determine character, personality traits, and criminality), to prove the intellectual, moral, and ethic superiority of Europeans to non-Europeans.
In Mismeasure of Man, Stephen Jay Gould recounts numerous "bad arguments" within the frame of his own carefully reasoned "good" argument, a critique of nineteeth-century craniometry
and twentieth-century intelligence testing that makes as explicit as possible the warrants, reservations, and qualifiers.
For Broca, the measurements of the skull, craniometry
, gave a scientific validity to anthropology and provided the most accurate way to make racial discriminations.