Gould, Stephen (1993) "American Polygeny and Craniometry
Conrad's subversion of such popularized "pseudo-science" is traced by John Griffith who writes, "Conrad, who had read Alfred Russell Wallace, similarly disregarded the idea of craniometry
[introduced by J.
has proven itself quite capable of producing scientific theories and data to justify racist practices, policies, and ideologies throughout its history (including the use of craniometry
to lend legitimacy to practices of slavery in the U.
Investing human evolution using digital imaging & craniometry
Only executed criminals were given to scientists for study and such disciplines as phrenology craniometry
anatomy and anthropology required diversity in human remains to prove their theories.
Thus understood, gunplay is craniometry
by other means: both ensure Indian suffering.
Beginning in the mid-nineteenth century, methods of describing and anthropologizing the body, such as craniometry
and serology, were used as scientific means to suggest that black people were less evolved than whites.
Feeding ecology of Tawny Owl (Strix aluco) and Long-eared Owl (Asio otus), based on craniometry
A student, for example, might examine the craniometry
of Samuel Morton or the eugenics of Charles Davenport.
The micro-evolution model proposes that the craniometry
variation reflects a population structuring processes such as long time adaptation, genetic drift, demographic growth, and other phenomena.
Most of these bio-determinists employed craniometry
to prove woman's biological and intellectual inferiority.
One of the first and most prominent Russian anthropologists, Anatolii Petrovich Bogdanov (1834-96), used French craniometrical techniques to measure skulls that he personally excavated from Moscow cemeteries and produced some of the most influential studies in craniometry
Missteps are not uncommon, as is illustrated by reexamining the history of phrenology, craniometry
, and the XYY controversy.