The potential energy for stretching the covalent bonds
is described by a Morse function
forms a highly specific covalent bond
across HCV genotypes and clinically-described drug-resistant mutant proteases;
Moreover, the POSS/PMMA hybrid materials in which the reactive POSS and PMMA combined with covalent bonds
exhibited improvement of mechanical properties and noncompromised light-transmission was observed.
Electronegativity, Ionic & Covalent Bonds
, Polarity, & Hydrogen Bonds
These basecoats are designed such that they form covalent bonds
with the hyaluronan topcoat, ensuring excellent intercoat adhesion.
The Co-Lining principle combines the impermeability of a PVC liner with the application speed and the permanent covalent bond
of rigid cellular polymer.
Both hydrogen nuclei bind to the central oxygen atom through a covalent bond
formed by a pair of electrons.
Next step is modelling of a carbon nanotube as a frame-like structure, using the above mentioned beam model of a covalent bond
This approach to the explanation of the nature of the covalent bond
has been described by Moore  as the most important application of quantum mechanics to chemistry.
However, as stated earlier, the master of the covalent bond
The benefit of this chemistry is that it forms a covalent bond
that is extremely strong and stable and will not release oxygen if exposed to an elevated temperature, like traditional lithium-ion systems," Fulop explains.
derived from KDO (2-keto-3-deoxy-D-manno-octonic acid)), the method comprising the steps of: (a) forming a covalent bond
between the carboxy group of the polysaccharide and a reporter molecule (RM), thereby forming a polysaccharide-reporter molecule conjugate (PS-RM), said reporter molecule comprising a recognition/substrate site (e.
by use of standard phosphoramidite chemistry (15,16), with a brominated deoxyuridine substituted for the thymidine (T) usually found in DNA; these photoactive residues participate in covalent bond
In a lead apatite study, a short Pb-O distance observed indicating a covalent bond
may account for this lead incorporation (10).
Physical adsorption and covalent bond
with carbon nanotubes are among the most common methods to stabilize enzymes on the surface of these nanomaterials.