schemes could enable the imaging of objects vulnerable to light, the team says.
This relates to the counterfactual
'no climate change world'.
QR allows us to specify such counterfactual
Since antitrust policy aims to reduce the delta between a plausible competitive counterfactual
and the actual circumstances, market power should be understood as that delta--the infirmity that antitrust law could correct.
Notwithstanding the high concentration, the transaction was cleared without remedies on the basis that it would not lessen competition relative to the counterfactual
It will not be counterfactual
if I say that this statement of Clarke construes the prevailing panorama of progressive accession in technology.
job loss undermines the administration's counterfactual
5] values are below some concentration that represents a counterfactual
low exposure where below this level there is no excess risk.
To this end, we perform a counterfactual
exercise by fixing the transition probabilities between PTER and other labor force statuses at their respective sample means, and constructing the counterfactual
time series of the labor market aggregates.
The second section presents detailed analyses of the specific cognitive functions that underlie development, discussing the general progression from specific inferential processes to a more reflective metacognitive form of reasoning that considers truth as an explicit construct; how people have an intuitive form of logic detection; how reasoning can be seen as motivated by the coordination of divergent thinking across multiple levels of abstraction; and the development of counterfactual
Among those faculties is our cognitive access or innate understanding of causation (theories and hypotheses about relationships between cause and effect) in terms of (1) causality, (2) counterfactual
hypotheses, and (3) probabilistic (Bayesian) analysis.
The second tension, whether we can "know anything" about the world on the basis of a TE's counterfactual
reasoning, seems to vary from case to case, and seems especially troubling only for strongly counterfactual
This study should put to rest the notion that it's possible to 'age out' of obesity risk, and provides a powerful counterfactual
against those who say concern over obesity is overhyped," said Dr.
All of these possible remedies involve counterfactual
modification, then, allows us to increase the range of applications for economic laws, since it allows other discussed economic factors to change in theoretical considerations.