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Synonyms for cottier

a medieval English villein


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British cotton manufacturing required power, first in the form of water and then coal, and labour provided by enclosure (and a new round of reinforcing and extending enclosure in the 1840s), changes to the poor laws and increasingly by Irish poverty and the removal of Irish cottiers from the land.
Both the cottier woman and cow had to go work on a farm.
Cottiers Den is out of a Flat-bred mare who won at Newmarket.
Jarlath Killeen introduces his allegorical approach to Oscar Wilde's two collections of fairy tales and then treats each tale individually, connecting it to his thesis that the tales, though on the surface simple, supernatural, and moral, are underneath treatments of the social, political, and religious plight of the people of Ireland in the second half of the nineteenth century, particularly during and after the potato famine that wiped out the cottier and laboring classes through starvation and emigration.
Between the end of the American Revolution and the beginning of the Great Famine, at least one quarter-million and probably closer to one half-million Protestants--principally small farmers, cottiers, and weavers, and disproportionately Presbyterians--left an Ulster which, near its demographic height in 1831, contained fewer than I.
Right on the MarkCOMEDIAN Mark Thomas was in Scotland for three fantastic nights at the splendid Cottiers Theatre in Glasgow this week and showed he was a true man of
The effects of this second devotional revolution were obscured by the presence of the enormous underclass of cottiers and laborers, who did not share the interests or the values of the strong farmers, until that underclass was eliminated by the Famine and its aftermath.
A clerisy, after all, does not spring forth fully formed when individuals are suddenly exposed to the same social and economic stimuli, even if, as in this case, these stimuli took the form of Irish cottiers dying by the score on one's doorstep and Fenians committing the most appalling outrages.
The 1841 Census reported that the Irish rural working class dependent on the potato -- composed of small cottiers, landless labourers, sub-tenants, and the unemployed -- amounted to 77 per cent of the population, more than 6 million people.
33) The majority of these weaving families were essentially the same as Irish cottiers, in that they were essentially landless except for gardens or small plots which were incapable of producing enough food to sustain a family, but which they utilized primarily to grow small fruit and vegetables, especially potatoes.
The hardest hit were inevitably the rural poor, the landless laborers, cottiers, and small farmers: the number of landless laborers was to fall by over a quarter and of small farmers by nearly half in the course of the Famine.
It will be staged at Cottiers Theatre as part of the Glasgow International Comedy Festival on March 24 before it goes on tour across Scotland.
Q Can you solve an argument I had with my mate Gordon after watching Andrew Wasylyk supporting Ricky Ross at Cottiers in Glasgow.
Ballinaboola Sunday, January 29 HAVING shown promise when second at Kilfeacle, Cottiers Den (88+) enhanced his credentials with a good late turn of foot and looks track material.
We are invited to enter a tightly-knit social world, one peopled by bum bailiffs, sheebeen women, cottiers and castoff schoolmasters.