For land-hungry crofters and cottars these estates became potent symbols of land deliberately left underdeveloped and kept out of circulation.
The following year, official findings were published in the Report and Evidence of the Commissioners of Inquiry into the Conditions of the Crofters and Cottars in the Highlands and Islands of Scotland.
Cottars, in particular, continued to agitate well into the twentieth century.
As for the cottars, they had no open field land or small holding.
Because they were poor, cottars often turned to making things to sell or developed skills which were needed in their settlement.
The more well-known band is the Cottars
, two pairs of teenage siblings: Ciaran and Fiona MacGillivray and Roseanne and Jimmy MacKenzie.
MUSIC: Young Cape Breton singers The Cottars
take to the Southport Arts Centre stage on Friday.
Indeed, four-fifths of the recorded heads of household in 1086 are dependent labourers of some sort, ranging from the villein class--over a third of the entire population--through bordars, cottars
, burs and slaves or serfs (servi), the last class amounting to nearly a tenth of the recorded population.
One of the most significant reports ever prepared about the wild lands of the Highlands and Islands of Scotland was compiled by Lord Napier's Royal Commission of Inquiry into the Condition of Crofters and Cottars in the later years of the 19th century.
Crofters and cottars had no security of tenure and could be moved or evicted at the mere whim of a factor or landlord.