Research conducted in a number of Southern European countries: Spain [40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45], France [46, 47, 48, 49, 50], Italy [51, 52, 53, 54, 55] and Portugal [56, 57, 58, 59], have shown that cork oak
is the substrate that bears the widest variety of lichens.
(Quercus suber) forests are listed in the European Union s Habitats Directive (Council Directive 92/43/EEC) as an important habitat for conservation.
Below that depth, soil pH was significantly lower and exchangeable Al greater under the cork oak
stand than at the other 2 sites.
In fact, cork oaks
that are harvested tend to be healthier than those that are not, and they can be harvested every nine years during their lifespan.
ly, y, rs y econd aybe ks, erick d urne and rting n a brilliant She was second to College Maybe in the Cork Oaks
, then won the Limerick Oaks, moved straight on to Shelbourne won the Sporting Press Irish Oaks in 28.
In the Mediterranean in particular, HNVF includes some of the most traditional agricultural crops such as cork oaks
, olives, carob and vineyards.
6 million acres of Mediterranean cork oaks
capture approximately 14.
Environmentalists fear a drop in production will cause farmers to replace their cork oaks
with pines and other crops.
are evergreen trees that play a fundamental role in the fight against desertification of large areas, not just in Europe but also in the Northern African countries of Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria, where cork forests are often the only obstacle to the fast-advancing Sahara Desert.
She reached the Cork Oaks
semis and won an Irish St Leger first round heat in 30.
There is no shortage of cork, and cork oaks
are not cut down to make cork.
The final of the McCarthy Insurance Group Cork Oaks
is the most valuable race on the card and the EUR6,000 prize can be claimed by the Paul Hennessytrained Priceless Spark.
Contrary to popular belief, cork oaks
are not cut down or harmed during the harvest, which provides among the world's highest-paid agricultural jobs.
However, it is anticipated that they will be in Glasgow on Friday night before then travelling on to Cork on Saturday for the final of the McCarthy Insurance Cork Oaks
, in which their Priceless Spark is the likely favourite.
Trained by Gough, Tinrah Kewell won the EUR6,000 570yds Grand Prix for A1 graders at Harold's Cross, and ran third in the Cork Oaks