A biomechanical evaluation of an anatomical coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction.
Cyclical loading of coracoclavicular ligament reconstructions: a comparative biomechanical study.
29) This article will discuss several of the common methods of surgical treatment of AC joint injury such as hook plate stabilization and numerous variations of the modified Weaver-Dunn technique but will focus on the more current techniques of anatomic coracoclavicular ligament augmentation or reconstruction.
The acromioclavicular ligament was sutured and the damaged disk removed, but the coracoclavicular ligament was left unsutured.
A case of acromioclavicular dislocation without coracoclavicular ligament rupture accompanied by coracoid process fracture [Turkish].
Coracoid process fracture combined with acromioclavicular dislocation and coracoclavicular ligament rupture: a case report and review of the literature.
Laterally, the clavicle attaches to the scapula via the coracoclavicular ligaments
and acromioclavicular ligaments.
13,17) In type I fractures, the coracoclavicular ligaments
In AC injury types I and II, the acromioclavicular ligaments are sprained or torn, but the coracoclavicular ligaments are intact.
A type III injury occurs when both the acromioclavicular and coracoclavicular ligaments are torn.
The coracoacromial ligament was left undisturbed and no attempt was made to repair the avulsed coracoclavicular ligaments.
Neer distinguished the Type II distal clavicle fracture as one in which there is some degree of disruption of the coracoclavicular ligaments.