In contrast, contextualists
argue that courts need to consider extrinsic evidence in contract interpretation both when dealing with unsophisticated and sophisticated contract parties.
When the approach of textual- contextualists
coincides with the historical contextualists
then the ulama named Textual contextualists
appear as if they are modernists and liberal and mutajadiddin (modernists).
Ralph, author of Why the Catholic Church Must Change: A Necessary Conversation, presented a workshop at the November 2013 Call to Action conference on how to be a biblical contextualist
as opposed to a biblical literalist.
With this empirical base, contextualists
turned to organizational concepts, models, and theories to build universal, not case-specific, explanations of ICT4D project failure.
POR) The Psychological Objection Revisited: Literalists as well as contextualists
face some problems when trying to show the relevant role played by the speaker intention (and other mental conditions) in the determination of the content of the utterances of a particular sentence.
Following this paper, Borg, while participating in the debate between minimalists and contextualists
regarding the evaluation of the lexical meanings of sentences, endorses the minimalist view.
Women displaying a contextualist
attitude offer more resistance.
Cappelen and Lepore explain that, in arguing for the need for unarticulated constituents, moderate contextualists
distinguish between sentences that are semantically complete and those that are semantically incomplete.
Now, because contextualists
place ideas in context, they adhere to the attendant historiographical edict of not confining themselves to one intellectual discipline, as this would rather blinker one's historical eye to certain parts of the historical context and, worse, project the current (but historically mutable) boundaries of modern disciplines (in a grid-like fashion) on to the very different boundaries that existed in the past and restrict the historian's view to only a sub-set of the relevant particulars.
look for the unpredictable emergence of novelty and the subtle shaping influences of context on phenomena.
seek to predict and influence events using empirically based concepts and rules.
Flathman suggests that while the contextualist
challenge has been fruitful for thinking about text and context, the contextualist
approach should be considered as complementary to other, more canonical outlooks, especially as contextualists
have in some respects been interested in the "practical past" as much as the "historical past.
Zahi Zalloua's stated aim is to avoid the limited viewpoints of particular tendencies and to be a bridge 'between the contextualists
and poeticists' (p.
among them answer that we can, at least in contexts in which ordinary standards for knowledge are in play, though we could indeed be brains in vats in some mad world a skeptic might imagine.
When the most theoretically radical and purist of the American New Critics, or Contextualists
, praised the irreducible irony of the poem, an irony they believed arose from the poem's structural organicism and precluded the critic's reduction of poetic meanings to a propositional moral, they were performing a gesture of fidelity to the acknowledged matrix of their thought in Coleridgean romanticism.