Mr Reid, speaking after he and First Minister Donald Dewar unveiled the concordats
in Glasgow, said: "They emphasise the need for communication and co- operation.
Godman provides a fascinating view of the drafting of Mit Brennender Sorge ("With Deep Anxiety"), which Pius XI issued in 1937 to condemn Nazi violations of the 1933 concordat
However, a second and more ominous reason has been suggested for the Vatican's rush to make concordats
with all the countries of the European Union at both the state and national levels.
Yesterday, suggestions the turf war between them could make the concordats
- which cover European affairs, international relations, financial assisstance to industry and statistical information - difficult to operate, provoked a stinging response from the Scots Secretary.
17) It must also be pointed out that concordats
currently negotiated by the Holy See are based upon the 1983 Code of Canon Law for countries belonging primarily to the Latin Rite.
In the aftermath of the Russian Revolution and of the breakup of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after World War I, the Vatican used concordats
to safeguard the Church's financial and geopolitical interests.
Like his predecessor Pius XI, Pius XII relied too heavily on concordats
, agreements between the Holy See and a government that guaranteed the rights of the church and its members, but did not give the church rights to intervene in the treatment of non-Catholics, as the German church would discover in regard to Jews.
At the same time, with Gasparri, he saw the value of concluding concordats
with secular states, especially Mussolini's Italy, where it became possible to resolve the continuing Roman Question.
His topics include the pursuit of a diplomatic career, concordats
and the confrontations with the Fascist regimes, whether Pius was an apostle of peace or advocate of appeasement, Pius XII confronts the Cold War and the modern world, and the controversy continues.
In American legal journals, it is rare to encounter articles on concordats
between the Church and the state.
Insituations such as these, written, agreed concordats
provide an essential basis on which to make decisions.
In fact, I've seen enough of what these good and well-meaning people do as they work on concordats
and issue declarations that I don't need to wonder much.
In line with the Concordats
signed with the Catholic Church and in an effort to define their rights and privileges within a legal framework, agreements have been signed with the following religious communities: the Serbian Orthodox Church and Islamic Community (December 2002); the Evangelical Church, Reformed Christian Church, Pentecostal Church, Union of Pentecostal Churches of Christ, Christian Adventist Church, Union of Baptist Churches, Church of God, Church of Christ, and the Reformed Movement of Seventh-Day Adventists (July 2003); and the Bulgarian Orthodox Church, Macedonian Orthodox Church, and Croatian Old Catholic Church (October 2003).
As papal nuncio in the 1920s in Germany, he drew up concordats
with Bavaria and Prussia that further reduced the power of their bishops.
This analysis, focused on three Vatican concordats
and the effect that they had on the European political stag(.