In separate models Friendship and Comradeship are regressed upon the variable Hegemonic Complicity and a cluster of contextual variables including marital status, age, income, and education.
Middlers in this sample that are hegemonically complicit will tend to practice Comradeship while those who are not hegemonically complicit--that is, who resist the hegemonically complicit identity and epistemology--will tend to practice friendship.
Neither education nor income has a statistically significant effect upon either the practice of friendship or comradeship in this sample.
First, friendship and comradeship are shown to be separate and distinct forms of interaction.
In this way, all relevant indicators can be assessed in one measurement model and, since causality has been stipulated, the effect of hegemonic masculinity upon both friendship and comradeship can be simultaneously analyzed.
In this model the latent variables Hegemonic Complicity, Friendship, Comradeship, and Life Regrets are shown as indicated by latent dimensions in some cases or known to be measured using indicators from the survey.
Life Regrets has been added to determine whether the practice of friendship or comradeship will generate a retrospective satisfaction with interpersonal relationships.
Again Hegemonic Complicity is a negative and robust predictor of Friendship and a positive predictor of Comradeship.
Nonetheless, increasing age continued to negatively affect the practice of Comradeship.
Others (see Strikweda & May, 1992) have conceptualized friendship and comradeship as separate and distinct.
In this case, comradeship is the form of interaction that is commensurate with hegemonic complicity, and middlers do gender through the practice of comradeship.