Further imaging with gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) arteriography and venography revealed that the thrombus within the common iliac vein
and IVC consisted mostly of enhancing tumor with some scattered areas of nonenhancing bland thrombus (Figure 2).
Congenital atresia of the inferior vena cava, common iliac veins
, and left innominate vein.
MTS was first described in 1957 when it was noted that 22% of 430 cadavers on autopsy possessed an anatomical variant in which an overriding right common iliac artery caused compression of the left common iliac vein
against the lumbar spine (1).
Named after the two physicians who first described it more than 50 years ago (Angiology 1957;8:419-27), the syndrome describes the small diameter of the left common iliac vein
as typically resulting from compression by the right common iliac artery.
The findings also suggest that a narrow left common iliac vein
may predispose to thromboses in this location, and that this anatomical risk factor could be addressed with endovascular Stenting, according to Dr.
The guidewire was located in the venous route from the superior vena cava to the beginning of the right common iliac vein
Mallory TH: Rupture of the common iliac vein
from reaming the acetabulum during total hip replacement: A case report.
Occlusion of left common iliac vein
by a distended urinary bladder in a male with paraplegia due to spinal cord injury.