Characteristic plants include yellow wort, common centaury
, St John's wort, rocket and bird's foot trefoil.
The chicken wire stops the plants being eaten by mammals, but farther down the Meadow Path, purple loosestrife, common spotted orchid, common centaury
self-heal and yellow bartsia needed no such protection.
And the dunes burst into colour too during the summer: with the common centaury
, evening primrose and sand crocus, as well as the dwarf pansy, shepherd's cress, early purple orchid and loose flowered orchid.
The subtle lilac flowers of common centaury
sheltered under swathes of marram grass and white poplar shoots.
But as the days shorten it was warming to read of Margaret's flora records for Liverpool city centre this year - bee orchid on Leeds Street, common broomrape at the junction of Christian Street and Hunter Street, bittersweet and common centaury
on Bixteth Street/Pall Mall car park.