Furthermore, nucleotide sequences related to the cluster vanHAX are present in this DNA, suggesting that the prolonged use of avoparcin in agriculture led to the uptake of glycopeptide resistance genes by animal commensal
bacteria, which were subsequently transferred to humans.
Over the past decade, researchers have learned that some commensal
skin bacteria secrete compounds that inhibit excess inflammation during injury.
Monograph of existing crinoids, part 2: Parasites and commensals
To the Editor: Members of the genus Haemophilus are commensal
bacteria of the upper respiratory tract, and H.
Early research on microbiota focused largely on the commensal
bacteria that reside in the human gut.
in order of abundance, comprised 62% of the total collected and 98% of the decapods identified as oyster reef commensals
Using mouse models, the NIH team observed that commensals
contribute to protective immunity by interacting with the immune cells in the skin.
Hence, wounds contaminated by skin commensals
, which inherently are of even lower virulence, may remain dormant for much longer periods.
Chapter 5: Natural Enemies, an extensive chapter, describes work on parasitoids, viruses, bacteria, fungi, Protozoa, nematodes, and other commensals
including cuckoo bees in relationship to bumblebees.
Immunocompromised patients may have an imbalance of the gastrointestinal bacterial flora with pathogenic bacteria overwhelming commensals
A 2012 mouse study, led by Shruti Naik, shows that resident skin commensals
promote interleukin-1 signaling and T cell function in response to local inflammatory cues.
The bacteria represented environmental species, human commensals
and human pathogens.
It may be beneficial to identify the specific commensals
-derived signals that regulate circulating basophil populations as this could lead to the development of new probiotic or other commensal
-derived therapies," he said.
Our bodies naturally have bacteria called commensals
all over them.
Forty species of nemerteans have been reported as symbionts or commensals
on marine invertebrates (Jensen & Sadeghian 2005).