He relates two points to the EFL learner regarding collocations.
Stubbs as cited in Dehghan  contends that collocations are important for a number of applications: natural language generation (to make sure that the output sounds natural and mistakes like powerful tea or to take a decision are avoided), computational lexicography( to automatically identify the important collocations to be listed in a dictionary entry), parsing( so that reference can be given to parses with natural collocations), and corpus linguistics research (for instance, the study of social phenomena like the reinforcement of cultural stereotypes through language).
Collocations are partially compositional since the base retains its original meaning; however, the collocate takes up a special one when it appears with the base (Corpas Pastor 1996; Castillo Carballo 2001; Koike 2001).
Differentiating among lexical collocations, idioms, and compounds
Therefore, once observed the relevance of collocations in foreign language learning and teaching, this paper aims, as one of its purposes, to shed light on collocational patterns, by discussing a research question: should the teaching of collocations be implicit (incidental), that is to say, should they be learned in a more or less automatic way like other lexical items, or should they be taught in a more explicit way (intentional)?
According to partial results from our research carried out in a public University in Brazil, students did not have good collocational test results when collocations were not taught explicitly, confirming other researches which also support the explicit teaching of collocations (BAHNS; ELDAW 1993; CHANNEL, 1981; CONZETT, 2000; FONTENELLE, 1994; HILL, 2000; MARTON, 1977).
the number and nature of elements that constitute it), collocations composed of the so-called content words are generally referred to as lexical (Wei 1999: 8; Lewis 2000: 134), distinct from grammatical collocations involving a grammatical structure or containing prepositions.
Unexpectedly, the findings in this area have revealed that a number of collocations extracted from corpora are not accessible to intuition, i.
Cruse distinguished collocations
and idioms, reminding readers that in collocations
(such as heavy rain or heavy smoker) there is a kind of semantic cohesion such that "the constituent elements are, to varying degrees, mutually selective" (p.
With respect to functional characteristics, collocations
are institutionalised combinations of words which, due to their frequency in the language, have become an integral part of the norm and not only of the system.
58) Multiword lexical units should be distinguished from collocations
, which consist of independent words that tend to co-occur.
Only three collocations
were stressed or pronounced incorrectly by the experimental group: available on the internet, dealt with the, scan the images.
A quick post hoc analysis of the quasi-simile as-if as a collocation
in O'Connor's fiction and the Brown texts will serve as an introduction to the procedure of collocation
analysis before we apply it to the more subtle collocations
Similarly, collocational competence seems to be a crucial component in SLA, not only because it reduces the cognitive challenge that L2 production and processing poses on learners (Conklin and Schmitt 2008), but also because failure to use collocations
accurately adds to learners' foreign-soundingness (Hsu and Chiu 2008).