While hazing may be an extreme term to apply to stock-market investing, the cognitive dissonance
that keeps hazing a relatively common practice in our 'enlightened' modern world also creates stock-price movement.
Given this narrow definition, this paper delineates self-deception from deception as well as from other kinds of self-distortions such as delusion, moral licensing, cognitive dissonance
, manipulation, and introspective illusion.
We expected that people who experienced cognitive dissonance
would try to reduce it by self-justification of their choice of unhealthy food.
A study conducted by Kantola, Syme, and Campbell (1984) focused on cognitive dissonance
and energy conservation behavior by monitoring an Australian Population.
The study is based on cognitive dissonance
theory and students' evaluation of teachers and courses.
This research has examined teacher beliefs (Fang, 1996; Pajares, 1992), culturally proficient teacher beliefs and practices (Aronson & Laughter, 2015; Lopez, 2016), deficit beliefs in teachers and school leaders (Guerra & Nelson, 2009; Nelson & Guerra, 2014; Valencia, 2010), and awareness of cognitive dissonance
as a mechanism for reducing resistance to diversity (McFalls & Cobb-Roberts, 2001).
Keywords: Cognitive dissonance
, online world of mouth (eWOM), online negative world of mouth (eNWOM), culture differences, involvement
occurs when the brain recognizes it's holding two conflicting beliefs.
The theories of schema and cognitive dissonance
informed this study to explain the thought process of consumers when purchasing a food product following a crisis.
Online encyclopedia Wikipedia tells us, "In psychology, cognitive dissonance
is the mental stress or discomfort experienced by an individual who holds two or more contradictory beliefs, ideas, or values at the same time, performs an action that is contradictory to one or more beliefs, ideas or values, or is confronted by new information that conflicts with existing beliefs, ideas, or values.
is the idea that people are committed to a certain perception of themselves, and that they will tend to avoid putting themselves in situations that negate this perception.
The person who employs doublethink is completely unaware of the contradictions and thus, he does not suffer from cognitive dissonance
I cannot help but wonder at the cognitive dissonance
that such a suggestion must require in a magazine that is so strongly aware of climate change.
The book presents racial incidents and observations, while employing social psychological theories used by people of color to make sense of the world and their interactions with it, such as cognitive dissonance
theory, relative deprivation, and internalized racism.
To make this research agenda operational, we will cover a set of related topics, which will range from the analysis of networks and career trajectories within political parties to the impact of emotions on protests, from the cognitive biases and personality traits of elected officials to the impact of violence on long-term political attitudes, from cognitive dissonance
in voting to the contamination between political and judicial elections.