The studies that focus on cognate
recognition point to the fact that even though a precise definition of cognates
is warranted to fine-tuned research objectives about this topic, there is no consensus on the definition of this term in the literature (Friel & Keninson, 2001: 251; de Bot: 2004: 19).
After lengthy discussions with Nasdaq and extensive negotiations with Cognate
, the matter has been resolved with Nasdaqs acceptance of a remediation plan under which:
Notice that Levin (1993: 95-96) excludes from the realm of COCs not only semantic cognates
, but also all kind of morphological cognates
, except for those having exactly the same form as the verb they derive from: "Some basically intransitive verbs take as their object a noun that is zero-related to the verb--a so-called "cognate
One word of caution: "false" cognates
do exist that could cause problems in the classroom.
A sample of shared vocabulary was extracted in order to reveal whether the similar sets were loanwords or rather cognates
tiine) compares Fi tiine and its Finnic cognates
(Kar tiineh, Veps tineh, Est tiine < PFi *tineh) to MariE, MariW tuz 'pregnant (of animals)'.
Inherited stems are further divided between layers depending on in which languages the cognates
have been defined somewhat differently across studies as words which have similar form and meaning in different languages (Yule, 2006, p.
Among the tokens from the dialect text material, only those can be used in which the referent of the pronoun is a noun that has a direct Old Norse cognate
Reyes, the teacher-librarian, discussed Spanish-English cognates
with the class.
use related words, context clues, dictionary definitions, and cognates
to unlock the meanings of content-area vocabulary words.
Initial issues include articles and commentary on topics such as: false cognates
and legal discourse, relevant maritime judgments of the International Court of Justice, legal implications of EU-Russia energy agreements, health care rights, anti-corruption legal frameworks, human rights complaints against Belarus, Caspian Sea energy resource ownership disputes, enforcement of foreign arbitral awards in Russia, and the treatment of investment arbitration awards by national courts.
In other words, they have a variety of cross-linguistic transfer strategies such as code-switching or focusing on cognates
that they can use to improve their reading comprehension.
The use of cognates
, teaching the meaning of basic words, and review and reinforcement are important steps in developing the vocabulary of ELLs.
Although claimed to be able to discriminate between proficiency levels, Horst and Collins (2006) found out that, in some cases, LFP did not identify the expected increases in use of less frequent words; therefore they complemented their analysis with other indicators such as the Greco-Latin cognate
index, which is also an extrinsic measure inasmuch as words are categorised in terms of their origin (that is, whether they are present in a list of cognates