closed-chain


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Related to closed-chain: open kinetic chain
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Synonyms for closed-chain

having atoms linked by bonds represented in circular or triangular form

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References in periodicals archive ?
Closed-chain kinetic exercises involve activities where the distal aspect of the extremity is fixed to a stationary or moving object.
Closed-chain movements involve exercising multiple muscle groups at the same time, such as squatting or stepping onto a platform.
In athletes rehabilitating injured knees, closed-chain exercises, such as the squat, are currently used.
This shows how closed-chain mechanisms can help reduce the number of actuators - in this case, to one - and how they are designed for a specialized task such as generating straight vertical motion.
Doctors of Chiropractic who provided closed-chain hamstring exercise intervention greatly reduced hamstring injury and associated pains among professional cheerleaders, according to a recent study entitled, "The Effects of a Closed-Chain, Eccentric Training Program on Hamstring Injuries of a Professional Football Cheerleading Team," (Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, March 2011, Vol.
Incorporating Functional Open- and Closed-Chain Exercises into Training Routine
Methods: Thirty-three physically active subjects performed a semirecumbant stepping motion on the OmniKinetic closed-chain dynamometer under 2 conditions: 35% of 1 (repetition maximum) at maximum speed and 35% of 1RM at 1.
Employing one fluid walking motion, the REEBOK(R)SKY WALKER tm creates a zero-impact, closed-chain action that allows the user to control the range of mobility, speed and resistance, as well as stabilize their body weight.