The Kermack-McKendrick model  is a SIR model (S-Susceptible, I-Infected, R-Resistance) for the number of people infected with a spreadable illness in a closed population
Population size estimates are considered more robust throughout closed population
estimation methods and it should be preferable (Otis et al.
Certain fish species, especially freshwater tiynpheas biting lakes, may comprise a large part of the group of species for which this type of study is possible because of the ability to identify closed populations
and the presence of historical tissue collections.
The Schumacher-Eschmeyer mark-recapture method for closed population
is considered a very robust and useful estimator when multiple sequential samplings are involved (Krebs, 1999).
We used closed population
models and model selection using Akaike's Information Criterion ([AIC.
Considering all these aspects, many honey bees relatively genetic closed population
breeding programs have been elaborated, most of them using selection index mating control by instrumental insemination , or modern BLUP animal model approach .
Inquiring with your leadership, you may get several competing explanations, including a drop in new incoming features (which shifts your closed population
to older files), a change in procedure that prolongs the investigation time, and customers who are negotiating more because of tough economic times.
Vaccination may also be beneficial to reduce mortality in this small, geographically closed population
A closed population
restricts movement in and out of the population.
Given the assumptions, the capture-recapture technique can be applied to the following calculations for a two-sample closed population
model, known as the Lincoln-Petersen model (13).
To capture this idea, two assumption labels are defined in our model: (1) open population and (2) closed population
, which are used as conditions for certain model fragments.
They soon realized that they had stumbled upon something much more significant -- the possibility of not only studying the phenomenon of rampant diabetes in a closed population
over a long period of time but also the hope and expectation that such a study would lead to better ways of dealing with the disease.
In a closed population
with mating at random, including selfing and mating among relatives, the expected heterozygosity after T generations ([H.
Thus, there are clear problems and limitations in applying a closed population
model to markrecapture data from an open population.
Use of live-measles-vaccine to abort an expected outbreak of measles within a closed population