Also included is a quirky list of books and articles on clitoridectomy
, labiaplasty, and homoeroticism, along with feminist classics such as the 1973 edition of Our Bodies, Ourselves, and Brenda Maddox's biography of Nora Joyce: Nora: The Real Life of Molly Bloom (1988).
The term, clitoridectomy
, can be ambiguous in that the practice involves cutting away not only the prepuce and clitoris but also part or all of the labia minora.
He describes how parental attempts to control mating shape social structures that enable them to do so, such as foot-binding, clitoridectomy
, and inheritance rights; how parents use psychological manipulation to exercise their influence; how they prefer different traits in a daughter-in-law vs.
It is also here worth mentioning that clitoridectomy
was practiced in the United States and Britain from the early 1800s to the mid 1950s as a cure from diverse disorders, for example: masturbation, hysteria, nymphomania etc.
requires the removal of the entire regi me
The first is clitoridectomy
where the clitoris (the most sensitive part of the female genital that leads to sexual gratification) is partially or totally removed.
Type I, known as clitoridectomy
, consists of "partial or total removal of the clitoris and/or the prepuce.
The Nyaturu people of Singida region in Tanzania practice clitoridectomy
(partial or total removal of the clitoris), a type of female genital mutilation (FGM), as a cultural practice, along with different types of scarification.
This is known as clitoridectomy
, and is also referred to as excision (5).
same consequences as clitoridectomy
, excision, or infibulation.
resolve, the issues raised by veiling, clitoridectomy
, polygamy, and
55) The World Health Organization (WHO) has classified FGM into three basic types: Type I, called clitoridectomy
, involves partial or total removal of the clitoris; Type II, called excision, involves removal of the clitoris plus part or all of the labia minora; Type III, called infibulation, involves removal of the labia minora with the labia majora sewn together, covering the urethra and vagina.
Powerful and disturbing historical examples spring to mind such as pathologising interpretations of female sexuality (leading to interventions such as clitoridectomy
still practiced in the US at the beginning of the 20th century), of homosexual desire (leading to electroshock treatment or re-conditioning schedules still widely used in the second half of the 20th century) and of political protest (leading to the incarceration of political dissidents in asylums which is still happening today in some parts of the world).
For Kuranko and other people in Sierra Leone, both women and men presume women to be wild and potentially dangerous until they have been 'domesticated' by such practices as clitoridectomy
and initiation into the women's Sande/Bundu society.
156) Francis Gatimi, a Kenyan native, was a member of the Mungiki group, which "is much given to violence" and "also compels women, including wives of members and defectors, to undergo clitoridectomy