Cathleen Burnett has examined 50 clemency petitions in Missouri to gain a better understanding of the factors surrounding clemency procedures in that state in her book, Justice Denied: Clemency Appeals in Death Penalty Cases, but does not address the variation in the distribution of the clemencies granted nationally or the negligible number of commutations granted in Missouri compared with other states (Ryan, 2002).
For example, in examining the clemency data for the past 10 years in Ohio during the Voinovich and Taft administrations, 156 clemencies were granted out of the 5,322 applications received, or less than 3 percent.
Not much is known about the manner in which clemencies are granted and if there are regional differences in their distribution.
The most important factor contributing to the number of clemencies that are granted in capital cases is public opinion.
While attempting to explain the reasons for the current regional variation in the number of clemencies granted for capital crimes, it is important to note that: For much of this century, clemency was an important feature of death row administration--in some states, upwards of 30 percent to 40 percent of offenders saw their sentences commuted from death to life in prison.
She was able to talk to White House Counsel Jack Quinn, White House Counsel Charles Ruff, Deputy Attorney General Eric Holder, and Pardon Attorney Roger Adams about the clemencies (U.
The range of his actions, from firing people in the White House Travel Office, to giving clemencies to FALN terrorists, and to the last-minute pardons of Marc Rich and others, did lasting damage to his years in office.