However, the notion of function transfer has been pivotal in classical conditioning
research since the early work of Pavlov on the conditioned reflex and all throughout the development of classical conditioning
accounts of complex human behavior (Glautier 2002; Karazinov and Boakes 2007; Rescorla 1988; Shanks 2010; Walther 2002).
is like the famous case of Pavlov's dogs they teach in Psychology 101.
This factor seemed important to examine for a number of reasons: first, to explore the conditioning of such an abstract stimulus with parameters more typically employed in conditioning studies (Clark & Squire, 1999; Kimble, 1961); second, to establish whether there may be some interaction between reading time and conditioning effects (especially given the well-documented relationship between language and conditioning); and third, as CS duration effects have been seen to influence rates of conditioning, and a shorter CS is typically associated with stronger classical conditioning
effects (Balsam & Gallistel, 2009), it might be expected to produce stronger effects than previously noted in this paradigm if the mechanism is classical.
Making classical conditioning
understandable through a demonstration technique.
Research in human infants has focused mainly on simple forms of learning such as habituation and classical conditioning
, where the young infant's behavior is changed as a function of specific experience, and through which the memory store of the aging child is altered over successive life events (Lipsitt 1990).
Hawkmoths avoid empty flowers and feed increases after classical conditioning
Not necessarily, says Victoroff, since habits formed by classical conditioning
are handled by a different function of the brain than fact-finding and retention.
The investigation, which combines classical conditioning
with brain wave measurements, broadly supports a theory of anxiety formulated 70 years ago by Sigmund Freud, contends psychologist Philip S.
Traditional models of craving have been based primarily on the concept of classical conditioning
Pavlov and the equivalence of associability in classical conditioning
He suggests the procedural system -- with a home base in deeper brain structures -- underlies the fluid, automatic performance of skilled behaviors, forms of learning such as classical conditioning
, and unconscious preferences displayed on many implicit memory tasks.
, as it contributes to the analyses of some basic psychological processes.
Using classical conditioning
, Yoshida and Hirano taught their fish to become afraid of a light flashed in their eyes.
While negative reinforcement appears to maintain food refusal, classical conditioning
may contribute to its initiation.
In a process known as classical conditioning
, researchers have exposed rats to both a "neutral" stimulus -- say, sweetened water -- and an "unconditioned" stimulus -- injections of chemotherapy drugs that suppress immunity.