In this collection of essays, den Otter (emeritus, history, Memorial University) draws on primary source accounts to investigate how the British in pre-Confederation Canada defined and understood concepts of civilization and wilderness, and how these conceptions affected missionaries' and traders' drive to civilize
Natives and the wilderness.
She shows how poor relief was part of the mission French imperialists told themselves they were on to civilize
the world, and how native intellectuals sought to take it over as a demonstration that they were plenty civilized now, thank you anyway.
Spenser argues repeatedly that one cannot civilize
a country by punishing barbarians for acts of barbarism; rather, to attain (or impose) civility requires a prior sweeping redistribution of power and property.
As an attempt to civilize
the usual dreary experience of bus travel, Botta's scheme combines the rational and the romantic.
Chief among these are Frantz Fanon's Black Skins, White Masks (1952), George Lamming's The Pleasures of Exile (1960), and Edward Brathwaite's The Development of Creole Society in Jamaica (1971) and Contradictory Omens (1974) (7) In a review of Naipaul's The Enigma of Arrival, Derek Walcott makes a point that is equally applicable here: "There is the real enigma: that the provincial, the colonial, can never civilize
himself beyond his province, no matter how deeply he immures himself in the woods of a villa outside Rome or in the leafy lanes of Edwardian England.