English colonists brought the tradition of civil death
with them to America.
Each factor directly feeds and accelerates the others, creating an ever-widening circle of social disadvantage, poverty, and civil death
, touching the lives of tens of millions of US people.
However, short of outright deportation, the most striking representation of civil death
is an inappropriate response to those deemed to be failed citizens; rather, the most constructive approach is to find ways of promoting civil engagement and responsibility.
Left unchecked, this ability can potentially lead to tokenism or paternalism, rather than solidarity, ultimately reinforcing only silence, disempowerment, and civil death