The investigators exposed cinnamic
aldehyde to 158 F for up to 1 hour in a closed system.
1), while the phenolic acids include structures from both the benzoic (HB, PCH) and cinnamic
(HC, CAF) acid groups (Fig.
Effects of caffeic acid and cinnamic
acid on glucose uptake in insulin-resistant mouse hepatocytes.
In addition, cinnamic
acids play vital role in the synthesis of other important compounds.
For instance, a tree can convert the amino acid phenylalanine into cinnamic
acid, a precursor to compounds thought to be important to the tree's defense system.
Chemical constituents of the roots and rhizomes of black cohosh include cycloartenol-type triterpenoids, cinnamic
acid derivatives (ferulic acid, isoferulic acid, and piscidic and fukiic acid esters) (Kruse 1999).
Shortly thereafter, his early lab experiments with highly potentized cinnamic
aldehyde and coumarin (a variety of cinnamon) proved capable of immunizing chicken embryos from Newcastle disease virus and later was found to be effective against avian flu H9, Sendai virus, and herpes simplex 1.
acid, alphapinene, ethyl cinnamate and vanillin are just some that have been isolated.
In order to better understand the conditions that may affect the antimicrobial activity of plant-derived phenolics, researchers at the University of Georgia determined the activity of cinnamic
aldehyde when it is exposed to high temperatures.
Because of its signal-enhancing properties, cinnamic
acid was added .
acid; b-pinene; b-sitosterol-glucoside; borneol; bornyl acetate; camphor; caprionic acid; carvone; cinnamic
acid methyl ester; cinnamic
alcohol; confertiflorin; confertifolin; ellagic acid; fenchone; formic acid; gallic acid; isodrimeninol; isodrimenol; isopolygodial; isorhamnetin; isotadeonal; kaempferol; malic acid; melissic acid; P-cymol; persicarin; persicarin-7-methyl ether; phellandrene; poligonone; polygodial; polygonal; polygonolide; quercetin; quercetin-7-glucoside; quercitrin; rhamnazin; rhamnesin; rutin; sitosterol; tannic acid; terpineol; valerianic acid .
Of the various phenolics, hydroxyquinone and hydroxybenzoic acid showed inhibition of ATPase activity; chlorogenic acid was completely inhibitory whereas cinnamic
acid was stimulatory .
Carvacrol and cinnamic
acid inhibit microbial growth in fresh-cut melon and kiwifruit at 4[degrees] and 8[degrees]C.
Tomato is rich in phenolic compounds (flavonoids, flavones, cinnamic
acid derivatives), phytoalexins, protease inhibitors, glycoalkaloids, and carotenoids, but especially in lycopene and [beta]-carotene.
Patch testing elicited positive reactions to balsam of Peru (a fragrance as well as a flavoring agent put in cola drinks that cross-reacts with orange juice) and cinnamic