Both feature cortical inhibition as revealed by slowed EEG theta waves, and both show higher levels of activity in areas where theta is prominent, such as the frontal cortex and especially the anterior cingulated
Apparently, the dorsal anterior cingulated
cortex controls our perseverance threshold, instinctively telling us when to abandon an activity or plan.
The anterior cingulated
cortex (ACC), according to several theories, acts as a bridge between attention and emotion (Devinsky et al 1995).
Using the sophisticated brain mapping tools of an fMRI, the scientists discovered that the brain triggers activity in the anterior cingulated
cortex (ACC), the section largely associated with the perception of contradictions and errors.
Learning potential on the WCST in schizophrenia is related to the neuronal integrity of the anterior cingulated
cortex as measured by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
Moreover, in the obese group, self-report measures of disinhibition were negatively correlated with premeal anterior cingulated
cortex activations and self-report measures of hunger were positively correlated with premeal medial prefrontal cortex activations.
The anterior part refers to the front one-third of the cingulated
In brain imaging studies, Haidt found "that medial frontal gyrus, posterior cingulated
gyrus, superior temporal sulcus, and inferior parietal lobe were active in consistent patterns when subjects were presented with moral dilemmas.
This is confirmed by the everted cingulated
gyrus lying horizontally separating the vertically oriented gyri from the CSF space.
This process appears to be facilitated by the Von Economo neurons, in a circuit connecting fronto-insular and anterior cingulated
regions to cortical areas in the frontal and temporal cortex (Allman, Watson, Tetreault, & Hakeem, 2005).