cingulate gyrus


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Related to cingulate gyrus: fornix
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  • noun

Synonyms for cingulate gyrus

a long curved structure on the medial surface of the cerebral hemispheres

References in periodicals archive ?
As shown in Table 2, the MMSE scores correlated positively with the NAA/Cr ratio in the left posterior cingulate gyrus (r = 0.
Matthew Apps and Narender Ramnani, from Royal Holloway, University of London, said: "The great complexity of human social interactions and the huge variation in what we find rewarding compared with other primates prompts questions about whether the anterior cingulate gyrus operates similarly in the human brain.
After neurofeedback, the activity in her cingulate gyrus reduced to 1.
These regions include the hippocampus and posterior cingulate gyrus, which are associated with memory and learning and are seriously affected by AD.
This cingulate gyrus also has reciprocal connections with portions of the neocortex such as the frontal and temporo-parietal lobes.
2011), our hypothesis was that we would see increased rCBF in the prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate gyrus, temporal lobes, parietal lobes, occipital lobes and cerebellum.
In looking at both the gray matter and white matter of the brain, researchers found that the people defined as obese had lost brain tissue in the frontal and temporal lobes, areas of the brain critical for planning and memory, as well as in the anterior cingulate gyrus (attention and executive functions), hippocampus (long-term memory), and basal ganglia (movement).
Those who were obese had even more extensive loss in the frontal and temporal lobes, which are critical for planning and memory; in the anterior cingulate gyrus, which affects attention; the hippocampus, which controls long-term memory and the basal ganglia.
In addition, whenever there is hypogenesis or agenesis, there is failure of inversion of the cingulate gyrus.
In Figures 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 similarities among the two species of primates were found, especially in regard to the morphology of the cingulate gyrus, the fornix, and the anterior white commissure, with the human one presenting greater complexity in its pattern of gyration.
2003, Perigenual cingulate gyrus volume in patients with schizophrenia: a magnetic resonance imaging study, Biological Psychiatry, 53, 593-600.
In our clinical practice, patients with constipation-predominant IBS display a psychiatric profile consistent with anterior cingulate gyrus hyperactivity (overfocus and cognitive inflexibility).
Dr Peter Naish of the Open University said brain scans had proved that a part of the brain known as the anterior cingulate gyrus which monitors what a person is doing, can become 'disconnected' during hypnosis.
However, the researchers found that only in Mr Gamm's brain was there activity in three regions thought to be involved solely in longterm memory; the right medial frontal cortex; the right parahippocampal gyri and the right upper anterior cingulate gyrus.
Extroverts exhibit more activity in the anterior cingulate gyrus, temporal lobes, and posterior thalamus.