In 1942, Japan gained control of the cinchona trees
cultivated for quinine in parts of Asia, and Germany captured the quinine reserves in Amsterdam.
It takes its name from the Peruvian Indian word 'kina' meaning 'bark of the tree', referring to the cinchona tree
where it was first obtained.
Ravaged by the fevers of malaria for millennia, the Old World found relief with an extract from the bark of the cinchona tree
of Peru and Bolivia, but murder and mayhem complicated the cure.
What is clear is that quinine, the active anti-malarial alkaloid in the bark of the South American cinchona tree
soon became the only known treatment for the disease caused by the as-yet undiscovered Plasmodium falciparum parasite.
Ground to a powder and taken as an infusion, the bark of the Cinchona tree
was a powerful febrifuge, or fever treatment.
In 1859, he was sent by the newly established India Office, which had superseded the Honourable East India Company in ruling British India, to collect seeds and young specimens of varieties of the cinchona tree
Spanish expeditions brought back to the Old World such things as potatoes, tomatoes, quinine extracted from the bark of the cinchona tree
, cocoa, tapioca from the cassava root, and tobacco.
A subsequent typographical error, made by the Swedish taxonomist Carl Linnaeus when classifying the cinchona tree
on the basis of its flower's sexual characteristics, is responsible for its spelling
There was no point in trying to make quinine in the laboratory because the vital force that gave this substance its properties could only be infused into it by the living cinchona tree
He begins with the race to export the bark of the cinchona tree
, the source of quinine, from its home on remote Andean precipices, and then steams onward to the current fight against drug-resistant strains of the parasite and the search for an effective vaccine.
Which drug extracted from the bark of the cinchona tree
is used to treat malaria?
Quinine is extracted from the bark and is used to treat malaria;
Quinine is a drug which is made from the bark of the cinchona tree
Tonic water (or Indian tonic water) has a magical ingredient, an alkaloid called quinine, which is classified as a drug and was originally extracted from the bark of the cinchona tree
Quinine, a toxic plant alkaloid made from the bark of the Cinchona tree
in South America, was used to treat malaria more than 350 years ago.