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Related to cilice: Opus Dei
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Words related to hair shirt

an uncomfortable shirt made of coarse animal hair

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In The Da Vinci Code, monk Silas - played by Paul Bettany in the film - whips himself until he bleeds and wears an agonising wire band called a cilice fastened to his thigh.
Rumors swirled that some members engaged in strange rituals, such as "mortification of the flesh" by wearing a cilice, a small, spiked chain worn around the thigh that pricks the skin.
Though acts of self-mortification can include practices like selflessness or self-discipline in one's work, numeraries wear a cilice, a spiked chain around their upper thigh, for two hours a day and also hit themselves on the back with a knotted cord, a practice called "the discipline," which was once common in some forms of Catholic piety.
As ODAN reports on its website, Opus Dei members are expected to donate their entire salaries to the organization, their ingoing and outgoing mail is read, there is a banned list of books, that includes any books on evolution and relating to other religions, and perhaps most controversially, members are expected to "practice corporal mortification such as the use of a cilice (a spiked chain worn around the thigh), flagellation, and sleeping on the floor or on boards.
The cilice, for example, is part of old-fashioned Catholic piety.
Many wear a cilice, a spiked band, around their leg for two hours a day and use a braided cord to beat themselves during prayer.
In regard to mortification, for instance, no contemporary religious, to my knowledge, was ever asked to wear the cilice (a knotted band of rough wool worn tightly around the thigh during specified periods) or once a week to inflict upon herself 33 vigorous blows on the buttocks.
In Dan Brown's book, it's portrayed as a murderous cult whose members take part in self-flagellation and wear a cilice - a belt tightened around the thigh with metal prongs pointing inwards.