chitin


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Related to chitin: Chitosan
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  • noun

Words related to chitin

a tough semitransparent horny substance

References in periodicals archive ?
When chitin is processed to obtain chitosan, the drying step must be carried out with a view to preserving the product's original characteristics or else to make modifications of interest, as well as to ensure adequate moisture content for purposes of storage and sale [12].
On a related note, another research titled Insoluble Dietary Fiber Market by Type (Cellulose, Hemicellulose, Chitin & Chitosan, Lignin, Fiber/Bran, Resistant Starch), Industry (Food, Feed & Pharmaceutical) & Region - Global Trend & Forecast to 2019 says Asia-Pacific region is estimated to be the fastest-growing market for insoluble dietary fibers.
Polysaccharides containing beta-1,4 linkages, such as cellulose, chitin and mannan, form extended ribbon-like structures stabilized by strong inter-residue hydrogen bonds, which yield hydrophobic sheets--structures.
Contributors from Europe, Asia, Africa, and Oceania address modification of chitin and chitosan derivatives and their characterization, as well as drug discovery, delivery, and various biotechnology applications.
As the second-most abundant biopolymer after cellulose, chitin is mainly synthesized via a biosynthetic process by an enormous number of living organisms such as shrimp, crab, tortoise, and insects and can also be synthesized by a nonbiosynthetic pathway through chitinase-catalyzed polymerization of a chitobiose oxazoline derivative.
Invertebrates produce many billions of tons of chitin annually (Tasch 1973).
Cellulose and chitin are the most abundant biopolymers in nature (Merzendorfer and Zimoch, 2003).
Chitin and chitosan are natural biopolymers, wherein chitin is readily found in nature and chitosan is a deacetylated chitin derivative.
In addition to the three MLs, a fourth chitin binding lectin (VisalbCBA) with specificity for oligomeric N-acetylglucosamine has been described.
Fungal cells displaying higher levels of chitin can survive treatment with echinocandins, allowing infection to progress.
The energetic value of different arthropods is largely affected by their chitin content because chitin is largely indigestible (Karasov 1990, Klasing 1998).
After cellulose, chitin is nature's second most abundant polysaccharide, existing as a structural component of the exoskeleton of invertebrates and the cell walls of fungi.
Chitotriosidase, the human analogue of family-18 chitinases, is one of the most abundant proteins synthesized by macrophages and is enzymatically active toward natural chitin.
Then their chitin content was determined from the glucosamine hydrochloride equivalent resulting from hydrolysis as described by Chen and Johnson (1983).
Chitin, chitosan, oligosaccharides and their derivatives; biological activities and applications.