The rhetorical figures Shakespeare uses to build his complex chiasms go well beyond this example, and frequently include such devices as antithesis, antecedent/ consequence, circumlocution, epexegesis, euphemismus, exemplum, exergasia and parison, among many others, to establish parallel concepts through similar structures, or the repetition of ideas.
Simple chiasms are common in many languages, and even though the layperson may not be familiar with the term chiasmus, the wordplay is easily recognized: "Ajax, who wears his wit in his belly and his guts in his head" (Tro 2.
While Shakespeare writes complex chiasms in this form throughout all his plays, it is important to recognize that the earliest texts still contain a higher frequency of complex chiastic systems written with this regimented approach.
The repetition of the key phrases "this word 'sallet'" and "the word 'sallet,'" along with "many a time" and "many a time," forms the structural spine of the overall system, but these phrases lack the imagination and variation of later chiasms and merely meet the basic requirements of the structural form.
Apart from the parallelisms Shakespeare uses for building blocks in this short speech, he frequently composes complex chiasms that operate on multiple structural levels simultaneously.
54) The vertiginous dizziness is caused by the endless chiasms of the allegorical disjunctions and the ironical reversals of the figures.
Derrida also tries to follow the thread of his de Manian recollection, which calls and takes us into an endless chiasm from Mnemosyne to Lethe, then from Lethe to Mnemosyne.
Gasche differentiates Merleau-Ponty's concept of chiasm from that of Derrida; the former is a figure of finitude tied to "the problematic of consciousness"; for the latter the chiasm suggests "an essential unfinishedness of totalities" (Gasche 279).
But, in view of the interest that the enigma of meeting arouses across a wide range of disciplines and practices--from dance to design, from theories of society to theories of consciousness, from ethics to politics and back again--couldn't we with equal justification speak of a "chi complex" haunting the human and social sciences, one incarnate in the word chiasm and the constellation of terms associated with it?