Finally, the essay uses vocabulary from Deleuze's film theory, and MerleauPonty's notions of chiasm and flesh to explain how the film's form reconciles nature and grace through specific image-juxtapositions, especially the multiple jump cuts between trees and water.
The specific juxtaposition of trees and water is best analyzed through Maurice Merleau-Ponty' s phenomenological discussion of chiasm and flesh, to which I turn now.
In Merleau-Ponty's posthumous essay titled, "The Intertwining--The Chiasm," he attempts--like current affect theory--to think past the Cartesian divide of mind from body, and of subjects from objects, by describing how our perceiving, perceptible, and materially sensible bodies form a chiasm or double-entwining
44) Merleau-Ponty argues that the chiasm of sight and touch pulls the world into my own body, so that I make a world for myself, and it also pulls me out of my singular body, into a shared and anonymous visibility and sensibility.
For example, instead of creating complex chiasms with both parts of a parallelism, Shakespeare also incorporates figures of speech and schemes into his systems, generally focusing on the common topics of classical rhetoric.
The rhetorical figures Shakespeare uses to build his complex chiasms go well beyond this example, and frequently include such devices as antithesis, antecedent/ consequence, circumlocution, epexegesis, euphemismus, exemplum, exergasia and parison, among many others, to establish parallel concepts through similar structures, or the repetition of ideas.
Oftentimes the springboard and rejoinder are absent, while at other times they are incorporated into the overall structure of the complex chiasms they border.
54) The vertiginous dizziness is caused by the endless chiasms of the allegorical disjunctions and the ironical reversals of the figures.
Derrida also tries to follow the thread of his de Manian recollection, which calls and takes us into an endless chiasm from Mnemosyne to Lethe, then from Lethe to Mnemosyne.
Gasche differentiates Merleau-Ponty's concept of chiasm from that of Derrida; the former is a figure of finitude tied to "the problematic of consciousness"; for the latter the chiasm suggests "an essential unfinishedness of totalities" (Gasche 279).
But, in view of the interest that the enigma of meeting arouses across a wide range of disciplines and practices--from dance to design, from theories of society to theories of consciousness, from ethics to politics and back again--couldn't we with equal justification speak of a "chi complex" haunting the human and social sciences, one incarnate in the word chiasm and the constellation of terms associated with it?
not only facilitates performing a piece; it also