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  • noun

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any substance that produces cancer

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Preconceptional exposures during sperm or oocyte maturation have led to transgenerational carcinogenesis for several types of radiation and a variety of chemical carcinogens (reviewed in Tomatis 1989).
More information about the NCI's Chemical Carcinogen Reference Standard Repository can be found at http://resresources.
In one case, CLA administered just during the 5 weeks when a rat's mammary tissue was maturing offered strong protection against the development of tumors later, when the researchers exposed the animal to one of two potent chemical carcinogens.
In their study, caged rats exposed to static or variable magnetic fields developed more mammary tumors upon exposure to a chemical carcinogen than did rats not exposed to magnetic fields.
Molecular biologists believe the process starts when radiation, a virus or a chemical carcinogen damages the cell.
These data, adds Williams, suggest that "tamoxifen is being handled in the liver like a chemical carcinogen, not like a hormone.
As a result, "benzene very quickly emerges as probably the single most important chemical carcinogen to the general population.
As an example, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are chemical carcinogens that belong to the group of xenobiotics which are able to initiate carcinogenesis in cells of various human tissues.
In 2005, the Bush/Cheney Energy Policy Act exempted fracking for natural gas from the Safe Drinking Water Act, allowing the use of harmful chemical carcinogens and neurotoxins in the process without disclosure.
In addition to chemical carcinogens, the panel calls for increased monitoring of the effects of cell phones and wireless technology and of medical radiation.
Prior to 1972, it was not yet clear that the electro-philicity of some chemical carcinogens had a necessary role in the potential mutagenic activity of such compounds or even that DNA, as opposed to protein, was the ultimate target of carcinogens (Miller 1970).
The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has organised a two-day conference at which technical experts, academics, union representatives and others are seeking ways to cut exposure to chemical carcinogens.
In her latest studies, Rimando and scientists at the University of Medical Science in Poznan, Poland, led by Renata Mikstacka, showed pterostilbene's potential as a cancer-inhibiting compound with regard to inhibiting enzymes that activate chemical carcinogens.
Among their topics are developing an association between food and cancer, the metabolism of chemical carcinogens, the impact of dietary anti-oxidants and pro-oxidants on oxidative DNA damage and cancer risk, cancer prevention by tea and tea constituents, carotenoids in cancer prevention, and phytoestrogens.