In many organs, especially in brain, it causes an increase in the metabolism of cerebellum
, cingulate gyrus, corpus callosum, thalamus and hypothalamus.
As an alternative, many neurons in cerebellum
undergo significant morphological alterations during ageing (Quackenbush et al.
To estimate the total cerebellum
volume of each subject there were two important stages to perform, MRI data pre-processing and the cerebellum
segmentation (Figure 1).
was its primary foliated form and expansion was seen in pia mater surrounding the cerebellum
Researchers at the University of Hiroshima used classical conditioning to "teach" goldfish to become frightened by a flash of light; however, fish that first received injections of the anesthetic lidocaine into their cerebellums
maintained steady heart rates, suggesting that they did not learn to fear the flash.
After imaging, the whole of the excised cerebellum
was cut in axial axis and blocked, sectioned and stained.
Briefly, two- and 10-month-old Sprague-Dawley rats (n=6 per group) were anesthetized by sodium pentobarbital (60 mg/kg), the brains were removed, and the striatum and cerebellum
were carefully dissected.
Histopathologic examination of sections from the cortex, hippocampus, thalamus, hypothalamus, midbrain, pons, medulla, and cerebellum
showed polioencephalitis affecting predominantly the diencephalon and brainstem and involving varying degrees of neuronopathy, neuronal loss, astrocytosis, parenchymal and perivascular lymphocytic infiltration with CD45 immunopositivity, sparse macrophage activation, and axonal spheroid formation.
Imaging usually demonstrates that the internal auditory canal has been widened by a mass that is isodense to the cerebellum
Increased brain activation was noted in both older patients and those with OSA, compared with controls, specifically in the left inferior parietal lobe, thalamus, caudate, middle temporal gyrus, and fusiform; in the right anterior cingulate; and in the bilateral precuneus and cerebellum
After training, those patients who showed the most progress in completing a simple task--flexing their ankles--showed increased activity in the brain's cerebellum
while undergoing fMRI.
Two studies published in the December 2005 issue of Endocrinology now present an intricate picture of how estradiol, the body's primary endogenous estrogen, acts in the cerebellum
, with one study building on the other and including another layer of complexity: the addition of the xenoestrogen bisphenol A to the system.
Spend some time with Pucci, and you quickly get the sense that he never strays far from the sparkings of his own cerebellum
For example, we know that the frontal lobe and cerebellum
are smaller in these patients.
is thought to control many of the functions that are impaired in autistic children, such as language and attention span," Millonig points out.